Hypertension Diagnosis

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is the leading risk factor associated with death in the world but is largely asymptomatic and often undetected in patients. Hypertension is typically asymptomatic and only detected through opportunistic screening. Symptoms only manifest when blood pressure reaches very high levels (usually >200 mmHg systolic), and can include headaches, dizziness and nosebleeds. It is usually diagnosed when a patient’s blood pressure is repeatedly found to be 140/90 mmHg or higher in a clinical setting and average readings taken using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring or monitoring at home are higher than 135/85 mmHg. Once hypertension has been diagnosed, further tests should be conducted, including urine testing, blood tests, an eye examination and a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG).Primary hypertension, in which no specific cause is found, affects 95% of patients.


Blood pressure is expressed in terms of systolic blood pressure (higher reading), which reflects the blood pressure when the heart is contracted (systole), and diastolic blood pressure (lower reading), which reflects the blood pressure during relaxation (diastole). Hypertension can be diagnosed when either systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, or both are raised.


Related Conferences:

  1. 6th Clinical Cardiology Conference, November 30-December 02, 2015 San Antonio, USA
  2. Euro Cardiology Conference, Oct 24-26, 2016 Valencia, Spain
  3. 2nd Pediatric Cardiology Conference, September 22-24, 2016 Las Vegas, USA
  4. Interventional Cardiology Conference, Sept 12-14, 2016 Berlin,Germany
  5. 8th Clinical Cardiology Conference, November 14-16, 2016 San Francisco
  6. 2016 International Pulmonary Hypertension Conference, Dallas, USA
  7. Japanese Society of Hypertension 38th Annual Scientific Meeting 2015, Ehime, Japan
  8. ICTHDD 2016: 18th International Conference on Treatment of Hypertension, Dyslipidemia and Diabetes, London, UK
  9. Chinese Society of Cardiology, Shanghai, China
  10. World Summit on Echocardiography, Beijing, China

Hypertension is a common and complex human disease that causes significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Unfortunately, despite recent advances in understanding and treating hypertension, its prevalence continues to rise. Among candidate genes for essential hypertension, AGT was the first and remains perhaps “the most scrutinized” gene linked to the disease. The central nervous system plays an important role in the minute-to-minute regulation of arterial pressure, but its contribution to chronic regulation of arterial pressure is less clear. Endothelial dysfunction is a systemic pathological state of the endothelium (the inner lining of blood vessels) and can be broadly defined as an imbalance between vasodilating and vasoconstricting substances produced by (or acting on) the endothelium. Despite major advances in the understanding of the pathogenesis and treatment of hypertension (HTN) and other components of the Cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS), these entities continue to contribute to major morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). The renin–angiotensin system (RAS) or the renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system (RAAS) is a hormone system that regulates blood pressure and fluid balance.

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