Hypertension & Obesity

Hypertension (high blood pressure) refers to the pressure that blood applies to the inner walls of the arteries. Obesity increases the risk of the development of hypertension. The respective session mainly focuses on obesity-related hypertension, its interaction with the outcomes of hypertension, risk factors, treatment and management of obesity induced hypertension.

Obesity-associated arterial hypertension is characterized by activation of the sympathetic nervous system, activation of the renin-angiotensin system, and sodium retention, among other abnormalities. Anti-hypertension medications should be started if hypertension is diagnosed. But, with weight-loss, a significant fall in blood pressure may permit a decrease in the number of medications taken or decrease the amount of medication taken. Prevention would be better than any drug.

Given the important pathophysiologic links between weight and hypertension described, a significant increase in the prevalence of hypertension in coming years could be expected, if trends of increasing weight in the population are not stabilized and reversed.

Related Conferences:

  1. 4th Obesity & Weight Management Conference, December 07-09, 2015 Atlanta, USA
  2. 5th Obesity & Weight Management Conference, December 05-07, 2016 Philadelphia, USA
  3. 3rd Health Informatics Conference, June 27-29, 2016 New Orleans, USA
  4. 6th Global Healthcare Conference, August 22-24, 2016 Philadelphia, USA
  5. Healthcare Conference, November 9-11, 2015 Dubai, UAE
  6. 5th World Congress on Controversies to Consensus in Diabetes, Obesity and Hypertension 2015, Istanbul, Turkey
  7. British Hypertension Society Annual Scientific Meeting 2015, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK
  8. Japanese Society of Hypertension 38th Annual Scientific Meeting 2015, Ehime, Japan
  9. Epigenetics, Obesity and Metabolism 2015, Hinxton, Cambridge, UK
  10. 13th International Congress on Obesity, Vancouver, Canada

Obesity increases the risk of the development of hypertension. Obesity-associated arterial hypertension is characterized by activation of the sympathetic nervous system, activation of the renin-angiotensin system, and sodium retention, among other abnormalities. Leptin and other neuropeptides are links between obesity and the development of hypertension. Activation of the sympathetic nervous system has been considered to have an important function in the pathogenesis of obesity-related hypertension. The arterial-pressure control mechanism of diuresis and natriuresis, according to the principle of infinite feedback gain, seems to be shifted toward higher blood-pressure levels in obese individuals. Therapy for obesity-related hypertension for the most part follows the standard line of high blood pressure treatment but perhaps with a greater emphasis on diet. Lifestyle modifications and dietary changes, followed by pharmacotherapy, remain standard.

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