Hypertension Risk Factors

High Blood Pressure has many causative factors such as age, race, family history, obesity, not being physically active, consuming tobacco, too much salt (sodium) in diet, too little potassium and vitamin D in diet, drinking too much alcohol,stress and certain chronic conditions.There are general risk factors that can be responsible for raising anyone's risk of hypertension. Although high blood pressure is most common in adults, children may be at risk, too. For some children, high blood pressure is caused by problems with the kidneys or heart. But for a growing number of kids, poor lifestyle habits, such as an unhealthy diet, obesity and lack of exercise, contribute to high blood pressure. Sometimes pregnancy contributes to high blood pressure, as well. Certain diseases and medications are specific causes of high blood pressure.

Cardiovascular disease represents the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Western countries, and hypertension-related cardiovascular events affect about 37 million people per year, worldwide. In this perspective, hypertensive patients are at increased risk to experience cardiovascular events during life-long period, and treatment of high blood pressure represents one of the most effective strategies to reduce global cardiovascular risk.

Related Conferences:

  1. 8th Cardiologists Conference, November 14-16, 2016 San Francisco
  2. Ischemic Heart Diseases Conference, May 12-13, 2016 Chicago, USA
  3. Cardiovascular Imaging Conference, Nov 10-12, 2016 Istanbul, Turkey
  4. Euro Cardiology Conference, Oct 24-26, 2016 Valencia, Spain
  5. 5th Radiology & Imaging Conference, September 19-20, 2016 Las Vegas, USA
  6. ICCAD 2015 — 11th International Congress on Coronary Artery Disease, Florence, Italy
  7. 2015 Latin American Conference on Cardiometabolic Disease Management, Hautulco, Mexico
  8. British Hypertension Society Annual Scientific Meeting 2015, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK
  9. Japanese Society of Hypertension 38th Annual Scientific Meeting 2015, Ehime, Japan
  10. Coronary CT Angiography, Dallas, USA

Although the exact cause of high blood pressure is unknown, there are several factors and conditions that may increase risk. Diet is one of the main features to assess the risks of hypertension.  Ischemic heart disease (IHD) or coronary heart disease fall under a group of diseases that includes: angina, unstable, myocardial infarction, and sudden coronary death. It is within the group of cardiovascular diseases of which it is the most common type. A common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Hypertensive retinopathy is damage to the retina and retinal circulation due to high blood pressure (i.e. hypertension). Hypertensive nephropathy (or "hypertensive nephrosclerosis", or "Hypertensive kidney disease") is a medical condition referring to damage to the kidney due to chronic high blood pressure. It should be distinguished from "renovascular hypertension", which is a form of secondary hypertension.

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