Pharmacological Treatments for Hypertension

Medications to treat high blood pressure includes Thiazide diuretics, Beta blockers, Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors,  Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs),  Calcium channel blockers and Renin inhibitors.Additional medication sometimes used to treat high blood pressure comprises Alpha blockers, Alpha-beta blockers, Central-acting agents, Vasodilators and Aldosterone antagonists.

No matter what medications a doctor prescribes to treat high blood pressure, lifestyle changes are required to lower blood pressure.Eating a healthier diet with less, exercising regularly, quitting smoking, limiting the amount of alcohol, maintaining a healthy weight or losing weight must be followed up to control high blood pressure. 

Related Conferences:

  1. Cardiovascular Imaging Conference, Nov 10-12, 2016 Istanbul, Turkey
  2. Interventional Cardiology Conference, Sept 12-14, 2016 Berlin,Germany
  3. 7th Cardiothoracic Conference, March 29-30, 2016 Atlanta, USA
  4. Euro Cardiology Conference, Oct 24-26, 2016 Valencia, Spain
  5. 6th Clinical Cardiology Conference, November 30-December 02, 2015 San Antonio, USA
  6. Hypertension Summit 2015, London, UK
  7. The 6th International Conference on Fixed Combination in the Treatment of Hypertension, Dyslipidemia and Diabetes Mellitus (FIXED 2015), Berlin, Germany
  8. British Society of Echocardiography, Birmingham, U.K.
  9. Multi-modality Cardiovascular Imaging for the Clinician, Houston, Texas
  10. Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics, San Francisco, California

Many therapeutic agents can be used for the pharmacologic management of hypertension. The available antihypertensive agents are generally equally effective in lowering blood pressure however; there may be interpatient variability that can affect the way a patient will respond to one treatment over another. Drugs such as angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), beta-blockers, and diuretics are all considered acceptable alternative therapies in patients with hypertension. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are the treatment of choice in patients with hypertension, chronic kidney disease, and proteinuria. Beta-blockers are generally not recommended as first-line agents for the treatment of hypertension; however, they are suitable alternatives when a compelling cardiac indication (e.g., heart failure, myocardial infarction, diabetes) is present. The potassium-sparing diuretics interfere with sodium reabsorption at the distal tubules (primarily in the collecting duct region of the nephron), decreasing potassium secretion. Potassium-sparing diuretics have a weak diuretic and antihypertensive effect when used alone.

  • Surgical intervention
  • Diuretics
  • Beta blockers
  • Vasodilators
  • Alpha blockers
  • Renin inhibitors

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