Plant Breeding

Plant breeding is the science of maximizing positive genetic traits in plants that people grow. It consists of analytical frameworks that allow researchers to create and select plants that are consistently outstanding in desired traits. The central objective in plant breeding is to improve the genetic basis of commercial crop species to comply with changing demands on yield and quality. Statistics plays a key role in modern plant breeding. A classical quantitative genetic model writes the phenotype as an outcome of genetic, environmental and genotype by environment interaction effects.

More than 60 plant breeding companies, based in the UK, are active across the entire spectrum of plant species used for food, feed and energy. Plant breeding makes a significant contribution to the nation’s gross domestic product and to the growth and competitiveness of the UK’s food economy.

Plant breeding is the art and science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics. Plant breeding has been practiced for thousands of years, since near the beginning of human civilization. It is practiced worldwide by individuals such as gardeners and farmers, or by professional plant breeders employed by organizations such as government institutions, universities, crop-specific industry associations or research centres. International development agencies believe that breeding new crops is important for ensuring food security by developing new varieties that are higher-yielding, resistant to pests and diseases, drought-resistant or regionally adapted to different environments and growing conditions

  • Expression analysis using microarrays
  • Breeding methods in cross pollinated crops
  • Mutation breeding
  • Breeding for Biotic and Biotic stress
  • Genome mapping and use of molecular markers in plant breeding
  • Strategies for mapping genes of agronomics traits in plants
  • Map based cloning of plant genes
  • Strategies for mapping genes of agronomics traits in plants
  • Strategies for mapping genes of agronomics traits in plants

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