Odontogenic lesions are cysts or tumors that develop in your jawbone or the soft tissues in your mouth. Odontogenic lesions can vary greatly in size and severity. These lesions are usually noncancerous (benign), but they may behave aggressively at times. Treatment generally involves surgical care but may include medical therapy for certain types of lesions. Odontogenic tumors constituted 9.6% of all the biopsies of oral and jaw lesions seen within the period under study.Three hundred and eight (96.6%) were intraosseous, and 11 (3.4%) were peripheral (peripheral odontogenic fibroma = 7;peripheral myxoma = 3; peripheral ameloblastoma = 1). The mean age of patients was 36.9 in Hong Kong.
Treatment options for odontogenic lesions vary, depending on the type of lesion and stage of growth. In some cases, medications may help, but odontogenic lesions usually require surgical removal. A pathologist examines the removed tissue during surgery and reports a diagnosis within a few minutes, so that the surgeon can act on this information immediately. Researches focusing on Evaluation of Amelotin Expression in Benign Odontogenic Tumors, Evaluation of Neoplastic Nature of Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumor Versus Ameloblastoma, Immunohistochemical detection of laminin-1 and Ki-67 in radicular cysts and keratocystic odontogenic tumors.