Infectious diseases are mostly caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and ptotozoan parasites. Many of the infectious diseases are contagious and transmissible.They are epidemic and life threatening if untreated. Proper diagnosis and treatment should be adopted for prevention and transmission of infections. Currently research is going on new medications and new target proteins for effective treatment.
Journal of Infectious Diseases & Diagnosis focuses on parasitic, bacterial, viral and fungal infections. Articles on infectious diseases, new approaches for treatment of infectious diseases, etiology, epidemiology, diagnostic tests of infectious diseases, pathophysiology. Clinical trials, immunological role of host in response to pathogen in infected organism, preventive measures and case reports are also welcome.
This scientific journal is using Editorial Manager System for maintaining quality in peer review process. Review processing is performed by the editorial board members of Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology or by outside experts. Minimum two independent reviewers approval followed by editor approval is mandatory for acceptance of any manuscript. Authors may submit manuscripts and track their progress through the system. Reviewers can download manuscripts and submit their opinions to the editor. Editors can manage the whole submission/review/revise/publish process.
It is diagnosed based on patient’s history, form how long patient is sick, symptoms and specific foods you have eaten. Diagnostic tests include blood test, stool culture or examination for parasites, to recognize the cause and to confirm the diagnosis.
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A number of tests are performed to diagnose influenza. Viral culture for this respiratory sample is important to identify the influenza A subtypes and influenza A and B strains leading to illness. RIDTS (Rapid Influenza Diagnostic Test) is used to detect influenza virus in 15 minutes. Serologic testing for influenza needs paired acute and convalescent sera and these testing results for human influenza.
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In case of kidney infection the tests performed are, Urine test is done to identify the bacteria and to observe the blood or pus is in your urine. Blood culture test that checks for bacteria and other organisms in your blood. Other tests include Ultrasound, Computerized tomography scan and X-rays.
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Procedure to diagnose Urinary tract infection: Analysing a urine sample, growing urinary tract bacteria in a lab than followed by urine culture where urine sample is used to grow. This helps us to identify which bacteria are causing infection. Creating images of your urinary tract to create images of your urinary tract. Using a scope to see inside your bladder for which long thin tube is used to see inside your bladder.
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For diagnosis H1N1 influenza doctors perform various laboratory tests to identify the flu virus. Nasopharyngeal swab sample test is performed to observe if the patient is affected with influenza A or B virus. This test can be negative showing no flue infection or positive for type A or B virus. Other rapid tests which are performed to detect the H1N1 virus are based on PCR technology.
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In order to diagnose hepatitis blood test is done to check the presence of antibody along with the biopsy to see if there is liver damage. Biopsy is performed by injecting a needle into the liver and taking out a fragment of tissue which is further sent to lab for analysis.
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Syphilis is diagnosed by blood or urine sample test. However if sore exists than the sample is taken from the sore to identify the presence of syphilis bacteria. If a patient is suffering from nervous system problem than the spinal fluid is collected to identify the bacteria.
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Meningitis can be diagnosed depending upon medical history and certain diagnostic tests. Blood cultures is used to culture microorganisms especially bacteria. Imaging X-rays and CT scan of head chest or sinuses is done to reveal the swelling or inflammation. Spinal tap (lumbar puncture) it is used to analyse cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) which is collected through a procedure called spinal tap, It is used to measure the white blood cell count or increased protein.
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The tests which are performed to diagnose HIV/AIDS are CD4 count, CD4 cells falls under white blood cell that is clearly targeted and damaged by HIV. A healthy person CD4 count varies from 500 to 1000. As CD4 counts falls below 200 a patient is progressed towards AIDS. Viral load it is done to measure the amount of virus in blood. Drug resistance is done to identify that the strain of HIV is resistant to anti HIV medications.
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It can be diagnosed based on the physical examination as well as the results of certain laboratory tests. Viral culture it involves the isolation of tissue sample and the sores for examination. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test is used to copy the DNA from the sample of blood, tissue from a sore or spinal fluid. Further DNA is tested to know the presence of HSV. Blood test is used to examine a sample of blood for the existence of HSV antibodies in order to detect herpes infection.
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Nasopharyngeal swab sample test is performed to observe if the patient is affected with influenza A or B virus. This test can be negative showing no flue infection or positive for type A or B virus. Other rapid tests which are performed to detect the H1N1 virus are based on PCR technology.
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Rapid tests that are commonly used to diagnose are nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. Diagnostic tests are performed on urine samples or self-collected vaginal swabs as well as urine test is performed to identify the presence of infection.
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A number of tests are available to detect influenza viruses. Most commonly practised is “rapid influenza diagnostic tests”. Apart from rapid test there are more specific and accurate flu tests available to diagnose the presence of influenza virus. However all rapid test provide better result for detecting flu in children and adults.
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Malaria diagnosis is performed by microscopic examination of blood, utilizing blood films. Though blood is the sample most often used to perform diagnosis, both saliva and urine have been explored as alternative, less invasive specimens. Modern techniques using antigen tests or polymerase chain reaction have been founded to diagnose it.
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