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Developmental Disabilities

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developmental disabilities

Pathophysiology
Developmental disabilities are a group of conditions due to an impairment in physical, learning, language, or behavior areas. These conditions begin during the developmental period, may impact day-to-day functioning, and usually last throughout a person’s lifetime.Most common disabilities: Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Prevasive developmental disorders, Fetal alchohol spectrum disorders, Cerebral palsy, Intellectual disability. Developmental disabilities are severe, long-term problems. They may be physical, such as blindness. They may affect mental ability, such as learning disorders. Or the problem can be both physical and mental, such as Down syndrome. The problems are usually life-long, and can affect everyday living. The main causes of developmental disabilities , Genetic or chromosomal abnormalities, Prenatal exposure to substances, Preterm birth. Genetic abnormalities cuase conditions such as down syndrome, Rett syndrome.

 
developmental disabilities

Treatment:
Treatments include physical, speech, and occupational therapy. Special education classes and psychological counseling can also help Once a child is diagnosed with a developmental disability, early intervention is critical. Treatments such as socialization exercises and behavioral therapy may be used to reinforce and support positive behavior. In addition, treatments such as speech, physical therapy or occupational therapy can improve a child's verbal, cognitive and social abilities and motor skills. Children with Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, Rett syndrome, and other IDDs can often benefit from therapeutic speech therapy, occupational therapy, and exercises to improve their gross- and fine-motor skills.

 
developmental disabilities

Statistics:
The Extrapolated Prevalence of developmental disability (austism) in Mexico is 209,919. The total Population Estimated Used is 104,959,594.

Major research:
1)Treatment of mental disorders for adolescents in Mexico City : In 2001–2002, the National Institute of Psychiatry in Mexico conducted the Mexico National Comorbidity Survey,1 which is part of WHO’s World Mental Health Survey Initiative. In 2005, the National Institute of Psychiatry in Mexico conducted the Mexican Adolescent Mental Health Survey employing similar methodology. We report here the rate of mental health service use in the previous year among these adolescents, the adequacy of treatments, and potential determinants of service use and treatment adequacy.

 

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