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Impact Factor: 0.88*
Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Radiation Therapy is a peer reviewed medical journal that includes a wide range of topics in this field and creates a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal and the editorial office promises to peer review the submitted manuscripts to ensure quality.
Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Radiation Therapy is one of the best open access journals that aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in this field and provide online access to the researchers worldwide without any restrictions or subscriptions.
This scholarly publishing is using Editorial Manager System for online manuscript submission, review and tracking. Editorial board members of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Radiation Therapy or outside experts review the manuscripts; at least two independent reviewer’s approval followed by the editor is required for the acceptance of any citable manuscript.
OMICS International organizes 1000 conferences every year across USA, Europe & Asia in association with more than 1000 scientific societies and publishes 700 scholarly open access journals which contain over 50000 reputed scientists as editorial board members. OMICS Group International is also pioneer and leading scientific event organizer, conducting 100 conferences per year worldwide and has signed 1000 scientific Associations to make healthcare and scientific information open access.
Nuclear medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with the use of radiation to diagnose and treat a disease. It is safe, non-invasive and less expensive and often used to detect disease before symptoms appear. It is performed by a medical specialist called radiologist. Nuclear medicine uses radiation to provide diagnostic information.
Nuclear medicine is a new treatment modality and imaging technique used to diagnose and treat diseases and track disease progression. This radiological subspecialty includes various studies in which radioactive materials are given to patients, to scatter through the body, and after that image spectrum will be obtained. Various techniques used in this involve X-ray radiography, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) etc.
Nuclear medicine has applications across a broad spectrum of disease, focussing particularly on oncology, cardiology, nephro-urology, orthopaedics, rheumatology and neuropsychiatry. Nuclear medicine therapies for lymphoma, bone, liver and neuro-endocrine malignancies are advancing rapidly. Nuclear medicine techniques in oncology can localise primary tumours, delineate extent of disease, and monitor response to treatment. Radionuclide treatment is used in hyperthyroidism, thyroid cancer, palliation of bone pain, and neural crest tumours.
Nuclear medicine imaging non-invasively provides functional information at the molecular and cellular level that contributes to the determination of health status by measuring the uptake and turnover of target-specific radiotracers in tissue. Nuclear medicine imaging is also called radionuclide scanning.
Nuclear medicine scans use a special camera (gamma) to take pictures of tissues and organs in the body after a radioactive tracer (radionuclide or radioisotope) is put in a vein in the arm and is absorbed by the tissues and organs. The radioactive tracer shows the activity and function of the tissues or organs.
Radioisotopes are extensively used in nuclear medicine to explore body structures and functions in vivo (in the living body) with a minimum of invasion to the organ or treatment site. Radioisotopes, containing unstable combinations of protons and neutrons. Radioisotopes are also used in radiotherapy (radiation therapy) to treat some cancers and other medical conditions that require destruction of harmful cells.
Radiation therapy also called as radiotherapy is an effective technique used to treat cancer by ultimate destruction of cancer cells. Intense radiations are used to kill cancer cells in this method. This treatment modality is being used along with others such as surgery, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy. Radiation therapy is having range of applications in treating variety of cancers with different treatment procedures.
Image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) is utilization of imaging, while the patient undergoes radiation. This enables us to directly view the process of radiation and accurate and precise treatment can be expected.
Positron emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine imaging technique that produces a three-dimensional image of functional processes in the body. The tracer may be injected, swallowed or inhaled, depending on which organ or tissue is being studied by the PET scan. The tracer collects in areas of body that have higher levels of chemical activity, which often correspond to areas of disease. On a PET scan, these areas show up as bright spots.
A radionuclide scan is a way of imaging bones, organs and other parts of the body by using a small dose of a radioactive chemical. There are different types of radionuclide chemical. Radionuclide imaging exposes to less radiation than do comparable x-ray studies.
Radioactive materials are given to patients, to scatter through the body to obtain image spectrum of the specified organ. Radioactive products which are used in medicine are referred to as radiopharmaceuticals.
A radiopharmaceutical is a radioactive drug used for diagnosis or therapy in a tracer quantity with no pharmacological effect. It is composed of two parts; a radionuclide and a pharmaceutical. Pharmaceutical drugs which have radioactivity can be used as Diagnostic and therapeutic agents.
Radionuclide Therapy in Solid Tumours is done by introducing radial dose of beta-particle-emitting and alpha-particle-emitting molecules localized either solely within endothelial cells of tumour vasculature or diffusing from the vasculature throughout the adjacent viable tumour cells.
Radiation therapy is a treatment modality which is commonly used in the treatment of metastatic diseases. There are some common accidents that occur during this curative therapy. They are radiation overexposure, massive overdoses, failures in equipment design and design testing etc. The fatal radiation overdoses are one of the prominent among these and it causes nausea, vision problems, inability to hear, severe pain etc. Apart from the potential benefits this treatment method is also associated with life threatening hazards.
Radiation Dose is the amount of radiation energy absorbed by the body or exposure level of rays during the treatment. This doses are usually measured in mGy/mSv. There are four different but interrelated units for measuring radioactivity, exposure, absorbed dose, and dose equivalent. Radiation Dose is measured by dosimeter device.
Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) is a combination of radiation therapy and immunotherapy where a laboratory-produced molecule called a monoclonal antibody is introduced on to surface of cell to recognize and bind to cell. Monoclonal antibodies mimic the antibodies naturally produced by the body’s immune system that attack invading foreign substances. The two agents mostly used are Yttrium-90 Ibritumomab Tiuxetan (Zevalin®) and Iodine-131 Tositumomab (Bexxar®) in radioimmunotherapy treatment.
Radioactive iodine treatment is used to treat certain thyroid diseases and thyroid cancer. The procedure is done with a radioactive form of the element iodine. Radioactive iodine therapy improves the survival rate of patients with papillary or follicular thyroid cancer. Radioactive iodine is given either in a capsule or in a tasteless solution in water.
Nuclear medicine is a branch of medical imaging that uses small amounts of radioactive material to diagnose and determine the severity of or treat a variety of diseases. Nuclear medicine scans are usually conducted by Radiographers. Radiology uses imaging technologies, such as X-ray radiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and positron emission tomography (PET).
Nuclear scans use radioactive substances to see structures and functions inside your body by using special camera that detects radioactivity. All type of tissue that may be scanned like bones, organs, glands, blood vessels etc. by using different radioactive compound as a tracer. The tracer remains in the body temporarily before it is passed in the urine or stool (feces).
Thyroid scan (thyroid scintigraphy) is a nuclear medicine examination used to evaluate thyroid tissue. Thyroid Scan is a nuclear medicine test that provides information about the function and structure of the thyroid gland. The scan involves injection of a radiopharmaceutical into a vein in your arm and imaging with a gamma camera.
A bone scan is a nuclear imaging test that helps diagnose and track several types of bone disease. Nuclear medicine bone scan shows the effects of injury or disease such as cancer or infection on the bones. A radioactive material (radiopharmaceutical) is injected into a vein, attaches to the bones and is detected by a special camera (gamma camera) that takes images or pictures that show how the bones are working.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to shrink tumors and kill cancer cells. X-rays, gamma rays, and charged particles are types of radiation used for cancer treatment by killing cancer cells by damaging their DNA (the molecules inside cells that carry genetic information and pass it from one generation to the next). Radiation therapy can either damage DNA directly or create charged particles (free radicals) within the cells that can in turn damage the DNA.
Radioisotopes are radioactive isotopes of an element. Different isotopes of the same element have the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei but differing numbers of neutrons. Radioisotopes are an essential part of radiopharmaceuticals. Radioisotopes are commonly used in industrial radiography. Radioisotopes used in nuclear medicine have very short half-lives, which makes them suitable for therapeutic purposes.
Anticancer, or antineoplastic, drugs are used to treat malignancies, or cancerous growths. Drug therapy may be used alone, or in combination with other treatments such as surgery or radiation therapy. Anticancer drugs are used to control the growth of cancerous cells.
Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Radiation Therapy is supporting “International Conference on Medical Physics” which is going to be held during August 03-05, 2015 at Birmingham, UK with the respective theme “Discovering the new possibilities and diversified applications of Medical Physics on Human life”.
*Unofficial 2014 Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2012 and 2013 with the number of times they are cited in 2014 based on Google search and the Scholar Citation Index database. If ‘X’ is the total number of articles published in 2012 and 2013, and ‘Y’ is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed journals during 2014 than, impact factor = X/Y