ISSN: 2155-6156
Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism
Like us on:
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

When to Eat to Beat Obesity and Diabetes?

Akbar Nikkhah*
Department of Animal Sciences, Nanjing, University of Zanjan, Zanjan 313-45195, Iran
Corresponding Author : Akbar Nikkhah
Chief Highly Distinguished Professor
Department of Animal Sciences
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
University of Zanjan, Zanjan 313-45195 Iran
Tel: 982415151
Received June 06, 2014; Accepted June 19, 2014; Published June 27, 2014
Citation: Nikkhah A (2014) When to Eat to Beat Obesity and Diabetes?. J Diabetes Metab 5:e115. doi: 10.4172/2155-6156.1000e115
Copyright: © 2014 Nikkhah A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Related article at
DownloadPubmed DownloadScholar Google

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism


The existing nutrient intake recommendations and guidelines do not take ET effects on human metabolism and public health into account [1]. This editorial aims to establish serious global awareness on the effects of Eating Timing (ET) (morning and day vs. evening and night) on intermediary metabolism and metabolic diseases management. Time for practical understanding of chronophysiology and its contributions to sustaining quality life has arrived.

It has widely been revealed that human glucose intolerance by peripheral cells increases as day leaves for night. This is logical since human has evolved to rest overnight following the daylight-driven period of extensive nervous and metabolic activities. This evolutionary analysis founds a feasible global intake regimen to avoid or at the very least to minimize large evening meals to help prevent unhealthy visceral adiposity, central obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disturbances. As far as night-workers are concerned, specialized dietary regimens with recommendations on ‘when to eat which nutrient more or less’ will need to be formulated [2,3].

In generating the above roadmap in signifying the importance of ‘when to eat or not to eat’, human health science has partly been indebted to recent discoveries in animal physiology. Under thermoneutral conditions, evening feeding has considerably altered circadian rhythms of nutrient intake by increasing postfeeding rates of energy intake and in some scenarios by elevating the daily nutrient intake [4,5]. As a result, evening vs. morning feed provision increased rumen volume and metabolism as well as peripheral nutrient availability. In so doing, night eating has enhanced milk production and improved nutrient intake and gain efficiency in beef cattle [2]. Ruminants have evolved to graze mostly during day (especially around sunrise and sunset) and to rest and ruminate mainly overnight. Unlike in humans, nocturnal glucose intolerance and insulin resistance have not been conclusively reported in ruminants. Thus, in modern production systems, by increasing nutrient intake rate and amount, night instead of morning feeding may provide close-to-optimal ruminal, postruminal, and splanchnoperipheral conditions for nutrient assimilation, partitioning and utilization. But, in contrast, night eating would perturb normal human physiology and metabolism.

To conclude, evolution offers feasible-to-practice lessons among which is to manipulate ET to help optimize intake circadian patterns, nutrient metabolism, cell physiology, and public health. A most realistic and highly economical approach towards quality life in the new era will be to find out when to eat to beat obesity and diabetes.

The Iranian Ministry of Science, Research and Technology and University of Zanjan are thankfully acknowledged for supporting the author’ global programs of optimizing science edification in the new millennium.
Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Share This Article
Relevant Topics
Disc Acute Pancreatitis
Disc Acute Pancreatitis Symptoms
Disc Adrenal Disorders
Disc Advanced Type 1 Diabetes Treatment
Disc Advanced Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
Disc Advances in Steroids Detection
Disc Advances in Steroids Treatment
Disc Advances of Diabetes Cure
Disc Anabolic Steroids
Disc Appetite
Disc Basal Metabolic Rate
Disc Behavioral Endocrinology
Disc Belly Fat
Disc Biliary Dyskinesia
Disc Calcium Homeostasis
Disc Catabolic Steroids
Disc Cellular Endocrinology
Disc Childhood Diabetes
Disc Childhood Obesity
Disc Chronic Pancreatitis
Disc Comparative Endocrinology
Disc Complications of Hyperglycemia
Disc Complications of Hypoglycemia
Disc Cortico Steroids
Disc Cortisol
Disc Diabetes
Disc Diabetes Cholestrol
Disc Diabetes Clinical Trials
Disc Diabetes Lipid Metabolism
Disc Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Disc Diabetes Statistics
Disc Diabetes and Alcohol
Disc Diabetes and Weight Loss
Disc Diabetes for Dummies
Disc Diabetic Amyotrophy
Disc Diabetic Cardiomyopathy
Disc Diabetic Nephropathy
Disc Diabetic Neuropathy
Disc Diabetic Nutrition
Disc Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
Disc Diabetic Retinopathy
Disc Dietary Intake
Disc Eating Disorders
Disc Endocrine Oncology
Disc Endocrine System Diseases
Disc Endocrinologist
Disc Endocrinologist Communication
Disc Endocrinology
Disc Endocrinology Case Reports
Disc Epidural Steroids
Disc Fatigue Disorders
Disc Female Steroids
Disc Food Intolerance
Disc Gall Bladder Symptoms
Disc Gallbladder Disease
Disc Gallstone Pancreatitis
Disc Gastroparesis
Disc Graves’ Disease
Disc Gyno Steroids
Disc Hereditary Pancreatitis
Disc Hormonal Disorders
Disc Hormonal Imbalance
Disc Hormonal Therapy
Disc Hormone Epinephrine
Disc Hydrocortisone
Disc Illegal Steroids
Disc Infertility
Disc Inflamed Pancreas
Disc Insulin Resistance
Disc Iodine Deficiency Disorders
Disc Latest Research on Diabetes
Disc Liquid Steroids
Disc Malnutrition
Disc Menopause
Disc Metabolic Acidosis
Disc Metabolic Disorder
Disc Metabolic Nutrition
Disc Metabolic Pathway
Disc Metabolic Syndrome
Disc Metabolic Syndrome Diet
Disc Metabolic Weight Loss
Disc Metabolism
Disc Metabolism Boosters
Disc Nasal Steroids
Disc Neuro-Endocrinology
Disc Neuroactive steroids
Disc Nutrient Deficiencies
Disc Nutrition Cancer
Disc Nutritional Epidemiology
Disc Obesity Prevention
Disc Obesity and Diabetes
Disc Oral Steroids
Disc Paediatric Endocrinology
Disc Pancreas Anatomy
Disc Pancreas Pain
Disc Pancreatectomy
Disc Pancreatic Disorder
Disc Pancreatic Duct
Disc Pancreatic Enzyme Replacement Therapy
Disc Pancreatitis
Disc Pancreatitis Symptoms
Disc Parathyroid
Disc Pathophysiology of Diabetes
Disc Proton Therapy Pancreatic Cancer
Disc Public Health Nutrition
Disc Reverse Diabetes
Disc Sex Hormone
Disc Steroid Myopathy
Disc Steroid Transformation
Disc Steroids Addiction
Disc Steroids Supplements
Disc Steroids and Alcohol
Disc Steroids in Pregnancy
Disc Swollen Pancreas
Disc Syndrome X
Disc Synthetic Steroids
Disc Type 1 Diabetes
Disc Type 2 Diabetes
Disc Veterinary Steroids
Disc Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Recommended Journals
Disc Clinical Diabetes Journal
Disc Pancreatic Disorders Journal
Disc Nutritional Disorders Journal
Disc Diabetic Complications Journal
Disc Metabolic Syndrome Journal
Disc Endocrinology Journal
  View More»
Recommended Conferences
Disc Asia-Pacific Diabetes Conference
Jul 11-13, 2016, Brisbane, Australia
Disc 12th Diabetes Meeting and Therapeutics Expo
September 29-October 1, 2016 Toronto, Canada
Article Tools
Disc Export citation
Disc Share/Blog this article
Article usage
  Total views: 11183
  [From(publication date):
July-2014 - Jun 25, 2016]
  Breakdown by view type
  HTML page views : 7452
  PDF downloads :3731

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

OMICS International Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
OMICS International Conferences 2016-17
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2016 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version