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ISSN: 2161-0533

Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research

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Shepard R. Hurwitz
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
United States

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Muhammad Kassim Javaid
University of Oxford

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Scott D Daffner
West Virginia University

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Impact Factor 0.32**
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About the Journal

Musculoskeletal system of human being requires special attention from the medical practitioners as it serves as the base of our physical structure and responsible for voluntary and involuntary movement. Complex interplay of this system in an organized and synchronized manner eventually renders smooth and elegant movement.
The specific medical branch deals with this important subject is orthopedics which studies various bone types, types of muscles, tendons, ligaments and all associated systems. A number of important aspects are under the scope of this subject such as bone density, diseases associated with bone, such as bone cancer, bone marrow replacement or transplantation, injury, other musculoskeletal issues, orthopedic surgery, osteoporosis and related treatment regimes, foot and ankle surgery, medicine for osteoporosis, studies associated with Periacetabular Osteotomy, Osteoarthritis, Orthopedic Trauma, Arthritis, musculoskeletal system, Orthopedic oncology, Surgical sports medicine, Spine surgery, Pediatric orthopedics, Laminectomy, Orthopedic nursing, orthopedic implants etc.
Deep insight in this subject along with detail discussion is the foremost concern of the academicians and researchers throughout the globe. Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current research is an open access and peer reviewed journal which provides such unique platform for sharing vital information in this very subject.
To enhance the quality and smooth operation in review process, this journal is using Editorial Manager System. Review process is performed by the Editorial Board members of Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research or by some other experts. In this regard, minimum two reviewer’s approval followed by Editor’s approval is mandatory for acceptance of any submitted manuscript.

Authors from all quarters are being encouraged to submit the manuscript through: http://www.editorialmanager.com/medicalsciences/Default.aspx or as an attachment to editor.omcr@omicsonline.net
Aims and Scope


Orthopedic Oncology

An orthopedic oncology is a diagnoses and treatment of primary benign and malignant tumors of the bones. Knowledge of the musculoskeletal anatomy and pathophysiology of the malignancy is required to effectively and efficiently diagnose and treat common disease entities and injuries. Also, a sound knowledge of effects of systemic neoplastic disease is essential. Upon completion of a rotation on the Oncology Service, the resident must demonstrate knowledge of the etiology of oncologic disease affecting the musculosketal system and be able to formulate a differential diagnosis.

Related Journals of Orthopedic Oncolgy
Journal of Arthritis, Journal of Bone Marrow Research, Journal of Bone Oncology, Orthopedics Journals, Journal of Orthopedic oncology Journals, Musculoskeletal Oncology, American Journal of Pathology, Oncology Journals

Pediatric Orthopedics

Pediatric orthopedics is an Ideal for anyone involved in the care of children with musculoskeletal problems. Comprehensive and user-friendly, it covers the diagnosis and management of pediatric orthopedic issues with an emphasis on the welfare of the whole child. More than 1,700 color illustrations make it easy to visualize everything from normal variations to treatment plans to potential pitfalls, for virtually any pediatric orthopedic challenge you may encounter.

Related Journals of Pediatric Orthopedics
Journal of Novel Physiotherapies, Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical activity, Journal of Arthritis, Acta Rheumatologica, Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Journal of Children's Orthopaedics, Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Journal of Clinical & Experimental Orthopaedics, Clinical Pediatric Journals


Osteoporosis is a disease where decreased bone strength increases the risk of a broken bone. It is the most common reason for a broken bone among people who are old. Bones that commonly break include the back bones, the bones of the forearm, and the hip. Until a broken bone occurs there are typically no symptoms. Bones may weaken to such a degree that a break may occur with minor stress or spontaneously. Chronic pain and a decreased ability to carry out normal activities may occur following a broken bone. Osteoporosis may be due to lower than normal peak bone mass and greater than normal bone loss. Bone loss increases after menopause due to lower levels of estrogen.

Related Journals of Osteoporosis
Journal of Osteoporosis and physical activity, Journal of Osteoarthritis, Journal of Novel Physiotherapie, Journal of Arthritis, Journal of Osteoporosis articles: The New England Journal of Medicine, Osteoporosis/​Bone Disease, Archives of Osteoporosis, Osteoporosis International, International Osteoporosis Foundation


Foot and Ankle Surgery

Foot and ankle surgery is a sub-specialty of orthopedics and podiatry that deals with the treatment, diagnosis and prevention of disorders of the foot and ankle. Surgery is considered to be a last option when more conservative approaches fail to alleviate symptoms. Techniques such as bunionectomies may be used to surgically remove bunions and other foot and ankle deformalities, arthrodesis (or fusion of joint spaces) for inflammatory processes, and surgical reconstruction to treat other deformalities.

Related Journals of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Journal of Arthritis, Journal of Spine, Clinical Research on Foot and Ankle, Journal of Novel Physiotherapies, Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Foot & Ankle International, Diabetic Foot & Ankle, Foot And Ankle Clinics, Journal of Foot and Ankle Research


Modern Orthopedics

Modern orthopedics the general treatment of fracture and other musculoskeletal problems. The study includes Knee replacements, hip replacement system (with a slightly different stem geometry), technique of joint replacement (arthroplasty), use of intramedullary rods to treat fractures of the femur and tibia, remedy for fractures and tuberculosis, etc. Modern orthopedic surgery and musculoskeletal research has sought to make surgery less invasive and to make implanted components better and more durable.

Related Journals of Modern Orthopedics
Acta Rheumatologica, Rheumatology: Current Research, Journal of Bone Marrow Research, Clinical Research on Foot & Ankle, Rheumatology Journals, Orthopedic Clinics of North America, European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology, Peertechz Journal of Orthopedics and Rheumatology, Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research


Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery

Orthopedic trauma care covers the spectrum of simple isolated fractures to severe life threatening accidents with multiple broken bones. While many fractures can be treated very well by general orthopedic surgeons, some can benefit from fracture specialists. More significant injuries with multiple broken bones, compound fractures and fractures near a joint, and fractures of the pelvis are more difficult to treat, and benefit the most from specialized care. Additionally, problems with healing including nonunions, infections (osteomyelitis) and healing with poor alignment (malunion) are often treated by fracture specialists.

Related Journals of Orthopedic Trauma Surgery
Journal of Spine & Neurosurgery, Journal of Orthopedic Oncology, Rheumatology: Current Research, Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity, Journal of Orthopaedics Trauma Surgery, Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research - Journals, Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation, The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery: Home


Osteoporosis Treatment

As defined by the World Health Organization, osteoporosis is a generalized skeletal disorder of low bone mass (thinning of the bone) and deterioration in its architecture, causing susceptibility to fracture. There are two types of osteoporosis: Type I osteoporosis (postmenopausal osteoporosis), Type II osteoporosis (senile osteoporosis). Once the appropriate medical history, physical exam and diagnostic tests have been obtained and a diagnosis of primary osteoporosis has been made, treatment is warranted. Treatment for osteoporosis typically includes education on diet/nutrition, exercise (if no fractures) and medications. The goal of osteoporosis treatment is to prevent fractures.

Related Journals of Osteoporosis Treatment
Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity, Journal of Osteoarthritis, Acta Rheumatologica, Journal of Bone Marrow Research, Osteoporosis articles: The New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of Osteoporosis — An Open Access Journal, Osteoporosis - American Family Physician, Osteoporosis International, Osteoporosis Journal Articles


Prevention of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis (porous bone) is a disease in which bones become weak and are more likely to break (fracture). Without prevention or treatment, osteoporosis can progress without pain or symptoms until a fracture occurs. Fractures from osteoporosis commonly occur in the hip, spine, and wrist. Osteoporosis is not just an "old woman's disease." Although it is more common in white or Asian women older than 50 years of age, osteoporosis can occur in almost any person at any age. Osteoporosis is more or less preventable for most people. Prevention is very important because, while treatments are available for osteoporosis, no cure currently exists.

Related Journals of Prevention of Osteoporosis
Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity, Rheumatology: Current Research, Journal of Bone Reports & Recommendations, Journal of Arthritis, Osteoporosis - American Family Physician, The Journal of Family Practice, Journal of Bone Biology and Osteoporosis, Osteoporosis International, Osteoporosis: Risk Factors, Prevention, and Treatment

Joint Replacement: Treatment of Arthritic Disease

A surgical procedure for the treatment of severe arthritis and other disorders in which the normal articulating surfaces of a joint are replaced by metal and plastic prostheses. Joint replacement surgery, or joint arthroplasty is performed most frequently to replace hip joints and knee joints, and involves the complete removal of the damaged joint and tissues to be replaced with an artificial prosthesis. The goal of the procedure is to relieve pain and restore a sense of normal function and mobility into the damaged joint. Joint replacement surgeries are recommended for patients experiencing severe pain and disability as a result of progressive arthritis.

Related Journals of Joint Replacement: Treatment of Arthritic Disease
Journal of Bone Reports & Recommendations, Journal of Bone Marrow Research, Clinical Research on Foot & Ankle, Journal of Novel Physiotherapies, Joint Replacement Surgery, Total Joint Replacement-OrthoInfo - AAOS, Arthritis & Joint Replacement, Hand Joint Replacement Surgery, Arthritis & Joint Replacement Center

Orthopaedic Surgery

Orthopaedic surgery is a branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopaedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders. Many developments in orthopedic surgery resulted from experiences during wartime. While orthopaedic surgeons are familiar with all aspects of the musculoskeletal system, many orthopaedists specialize in certain areas, such as the foot and ankle, spine, hip or knee. They may also choose to focus on specific fields like pediatrics, trauma or sports medicine.

Related Journals of Orthopedic Surgery
Journal of Orthopedic Oncology, Journal of Novel Physiotherapies, Journal of Arthritis, Journal of Osteoarthritis, Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Orthopaedic Surgery, Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology


Musculoskeletal System

The musculoskeletal system deals with the support, stability, and movement to the body which is made up of the bones of the skeleton, muscles, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints, and other connective tissue that supports and binds tissues and organs together. In addition to supporting the weight of the body, bones work together with muscles to maintain body position and to produce controlled, precise movements. Without the skeleton to pull against, contracting muscle fibers could not make us sit, stand, walk, or run.

Related Journals of Musculoskeletal System
Acta Rheumatologica, Journal of Bone Reports & Recommendations, Journal of Bone Reports & Recommendations, Journal of Arthritis, Journal of Musculoskeletal Research, Austin Journal of Musculoskeletal Disorders, Journal of Musculoskeletal Research, Orthopedic and Musculoskeletal System, BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

Orthopedic Implants

An orthopedic implant is a medical device manufactured to replace a missing joint or bone or to support a damaged bone. The medical implant is mainly fabricated using stainless steel and titanium alloys for strength and the plastic coating that is done on it acts as an artificial cartilage. Internal fixation is an operation in orthopedics that involves the surgical implementation of implants for the purpose of repairing a bone. Among the most common types of medical implants are the pins, rods, screws and plates used to anchor fractured bones while they heal.

Related Journals of Orthopedic Implants
Clinical Research on Foot & Ankle, Journal of Bone Marrow Research, Acta Rheumatologica, Journal of Bone Reports & Recommendations, Biomaterials in orthopaedics, Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, Toxicologic Pathology, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Intech Open science-Open Minds

Hand Surgery

Hand surgery deals with the both surgical and non-surgical treatment of conditions and problems that may take place in the hand or upper extremity. Hand surgery may be practiced by graduates of general surgery, orthopedic surgery and plastic surgery. They are specially trained to operate when necessary. Many hand surgeons are also experts in diagnosing and caring for shoulder and elbow problems.

Related Journals of Hand Surgery
Journal of Orthopedic Oncology, Rheumatology: Current Research, Journal of Orthopedic Oncology, Journal of Arthritis, Journal of Hand Surgery, Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery, American Association for Hand Surgery, The Journal of Hand Surgery: European Volume, Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery, The Internet Journal of Hand Surgery, Hand Clinics

Surgical Sports Medicine

Orthopaedic or Surgical Sports Medicine is a subspecialty of orthopaedic medicine and sports medicine. Orthopaedic sports medicine is the investigation, preservation, and restoration by medical, surgical, and rehabilitative means to all structures of the musculoskeletal system affected by athletic activity.

Related Journals of Surgical Sports Medicine
Journal of Osteoarthritis, Journal of Novel Physiotherapies, Clinical Research on Foot & Ankle, Spine Research, Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, The American Journal of Sports Medicine, American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, Orthopaedic sports medicine, Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, Surgical Techniques of the Shoulder, Elbow, and Knee


Arthroplasty is an orthopedic surgical procedure where the articular surface of a musculoskeletal joint is replaced, remodeled, or realigned by osteotomy or some other procedure. It is an elective procedure that is done to relieve pain and restore function to the joint after damage by arthritis or some other type of trauma.

Related Journals of Arthroplasty
Clinical Research on Foot & Ankle, Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity, Journal of Orthopedic Oncology, Clinical Research on Foot & Ankle, Journal of Arthroplasty - Elsevier, Seminars in Arthroplasty, The Journal of arthroplasty, Arthroplasty Today, Total Knee Arthroplasty

Hip Replacement

Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant. Hip replacement surgery can be performed as a total replacement or a hemi (half) replacement. Such joint replacement orthopaedic surgery is generally conducted to relieve arthritis pain or in some hip fractures. A total hip replacement (total hip arthroplasty) consists of replacing both the acetabulum and the femoral head while hemiarthroplasty generally only replaces the femoral head.

Related Journals of Hip Replacement
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, Journal of Medical Case Reports, The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery: Home, Hip International, HIP Replacement Journal

Orthopedic Biomechanics

Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of biological systems such as humans, animals, plants, organs, and cells by means of the methods of mechanics. Bone susceptibility to fracture is related to Its energy-absorbing capacity and modulus of elasticity.Injuries with loading involving higher rapid velocities dissipate greater energy and result in greater fracture communication, soft tissue damage and displacement. Long bone shaft fractures resulting from high-energy injuries have a higher rate of bone healing complications than fractures of low-energy injuries due to severity of soft tissue injury associated with high-energy injuries.

Related Journals of Orthopedic Biomechanics

Journal of Arthritis, Journal of Novel Physiotherapies, Journal of Bone Marrow Research, Rheumatology: Current Research, Orthopedics And Biomechanics, Journal of Biomechanics, Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, Orthopaedic Publications‎, Orthopaedic Journals, Basic research in orthopedic surgery: Current trends

Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

Shoulder and Elbow Surgery is related to the shoulder, elbow, and upper extremities. Shoulder and elbow surgery is a condition in which the outer part of the elbow becomes sore and tender. Tennis elbow is an acute or chronic inflammation of the tendons that join the forearm muscles on the outside of the elbow. The forearm muscles and tendons become damaged from overuse — repeating the same strenous motions again and again. This leads to inflammation, pain and tenderness on the outside of the elbow.

Related Journals of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Clinical Research on Foot & Ankle, Journal of Arthritis, Journal of Osteoarthritis, Journal of Bone Marrow Research, Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, Techniques in Shoulder & Elbow Surgery, Surgery Journals - Medical Journals, Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow


Bone Grafting

Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that replaces missing bone in order to repair bone fractures that are extremely complex, pose a significant health risk to the patient, or fail to heal properly. Bone generally has the ability to regenerate completely but requires a very small fracture space or some sort of scaffold to do so. Bone grafts may be autologous, allograft, or synthetic with similar mechanical properties to bone.

Related Journals of Bone Grafting
Journal of Arthritis, Journal of Novel Physiotherapies, Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity, Acta Rheumatologica, Bone grafts in dentistry, Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, The Spine Journal


Rotator Cuff Tendon

Rotator cuff tendinitis affects the tendons and muscles that help move the shoulder joint. Tendinitis means that these tendons are inflamed or irritated. Rotator cuff tendinitis may also be called impingement syndrome. Tendinitis of the rotator cuff usually occurs over time. It can be the result of keeping the shoulder in one position over a period of time, sleeping on the shoulder every night, or participating in activities that require extending the arm over the head.

Related Journals of Rotator Cuff Tendon
Journal of Spine & Neurosurgery, Journal of Bone Marrow Research, Journal of Orthopedic Oncology, Rheumatology: Current Research, Advances in orthopedics, Muscle Ligaments and Tendons Journal, Orthopaedic Nursing, The Bone and Joint Journal


 *Unofficial 2014 Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2012 and 2013 with the number of times they are cited in 2014 based on Google search and the Scholar Citation Index database. If ‘X’ is the total number of articles published in 2012 and 2013, and ‘Y’ is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed journals during 2014 than, impact factor = Y/X


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