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ISSN: 2157-7471

Journal of Plant Pathology & Microbiology

Open Access
 
 
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Editorial BoardView More»

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Editor-in-Chief
Michelina Ruocco
Italian National Research Council
Italy

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Xiangyang Shi
Cornell University
USA

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Yanfeng Zhang
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
USA

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Impact Factor 2.28**
Submit manuscript at http://www.editorialmanager.com/lifesciences or send as an e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at editor.jppm@omicsonline.org
 

About the Journal

 

Plant pathology also called as phytopathology is the scientific study of plant diseases caused by pathogens, environmental conditions and some other physiological factors. The Journal of Plant Pathology & Microbiology an academic journal provides an opportunity to share the information among the medical scientists and reseachers.

The journal is using Editorial Manager System for quality in peer review process. Editorial Manager is an online manuscript submission, review and managing systems. The review processing is performed by the editorial board members of Journal of Plant Pathology & Microbiology or outside experts; at least two independent reviewers approval followed by editor approval is required for acceptance of any citable manuscript. Authors may submit manuscripts and track their progress through the system, hopefully to publication. Reviewers can download manuscripts and submit their opinions to the editor. Editors can manage the whole submission/review/revise/publish process.

Submit manuscript at www.editorialmanager.com/lifesciences/ or send as an e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at editor.jppm@omicsonline.org

Essential Plant Pathology

Plant pathology dealing with basic, fundamental and advanced methods and discoveries includes essential plant pathology, it is an integration of many biological disciplines and bridges the basic and applied sciences. As a science, plant pathology encompasses the theory and general concepts of the nature and cause of disease, and yet it also involves disease control strategies, with the ultimate goal being reduction of damage to the quantity and quality of food and fiber essential for human existence.

Plant Pathology

Plant Pathology is defined as the study of the organisms and environmental conditions that cause disease in plant, the mechanisms by which this occurs, the interactions between these causal agents and the plant (effects on plant growth, yield and quality), and the methods of managing or controlling plant disease. It also interfaces knowledge from other scientific fields such as mycology, microbiology, virology, biochemistry, bio-informatics, etc.

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy, normally from the Sun, into chemical energy that can be later released to fuel the organisms activities. The process in green plants and certain other organisms by which carbohydrates are synthesized from carbon dioxide and a source of hydrogen (usually water), using light as an energy source. Most forms of photosynthesis release oxygen as a byproduct.

Plant Pathology Journal

Plant Pathology and Microbiology is the journal dealing with the organisms and environmental conditions that cause disease in plants. It is concerned with health and productivity of growing plants. Phytopathology is the branch of agricultural, botanical or biological science which deals with the cause, etiology (aetiology), resulting in losses and management methods of plant diseases.

Molecular Plant Pathology

Molecular Plant Pathology describes how pathogens cause disease, including analysis of the molecular signaling between plant, pathogens and genes. Molecular plant pathology can be exploited to control disease and thereby maximize crop yield. It covers the three main areas of plant pathology: how pathogens cause disease; (the molecular signaling that takes place between plant and pathogen); how plants resist disease (what is known about resistance genes, apoptosis, and systemic-acquired resistance).

Plant Diseases

Plant diseases caused by fungi, bacteria, nematodes, viruses, parasitic flowering plants, abiotic factors of the environment including light, temperature, and atmospheric gases. Plant diseases are recognized by the symptoms (external or internal) produced by them or by sick appearance of the plant. The term plant disease signifies the condition of the plant due to disease or cause of the disease. Plant disease is mainly defined in terms of the damage caused to the plant or to its organ.

Transgenic Plants

Transgenic plants are plants that have been genetically engineered, a breeding approach that uses recombinant DNA techniques to create plants with new characteristics. The genetic manipulation of plants has been going on since the dawn of agriculture, but until recently this has required the slow and tedious process of cross-breeding varieties. Genetic engineering promises to speed the process and broaden the scope of what can be done.

Gene Silencing

Gene Silencing is switching off of the expression of a gene, for example by the introduction of an antisense RNA that blocks translation of the messenger RNA. A mechanism by which cells shut down large sections of chromosomal DNA. Gene silencing is done by incorporating the DNA to be silenced into a form of DNA called heterochromatin that is already silent.

Terminator Technology

Terminator technology is the genetic modification of plants to make them produce sterile seeds. They are also known as suicide seeds. Terminator technology refers to plants that have been genetically modified to render sterile seeds at harvest – it is also called Genetic Use Restriction Technology or GURTS. Terminator has not yet been commercialized or field-tested but tests are currently being conducted in greenhouses.

Epidemeology of Plant Diseases

Plant disease epidemiology has been defined as the study of factors that affect the spread of disease in time and space. Plant disease epidemiology as a sub discipline of plant pathology is concerned with the factors that cause plant epidemics. As such, the association between theoretical or experimental epidemiology and management of plant disease in the field is logical. A large body of literature has demonstrated that epidemiology has served a descriptive and predictive role by identifying and quantifying factors that lead to disease outbreak or cause spatial or temporal increase in disease intensity.

Plant Defensins

Plant defensins are small, highly stable, cysteine-rich peptides that constitute a part of the innate immune system primarily directed against fungal pathogens. Biological activities reported for plant defensins include antifungal activity, antibacterial activity, proteinase inhibitory activity and insect amylase inhibitory activity. Plant defensins have been shown to inhibit infectious diseases of humans and to induce apoptosis in a human pathogen.

Plant Pheromones

Plant pheromones are chemicals released by an organism into its environment enabling it to communicate with other members of its own species. There are alarm pheromones, food trail pheromones, sex pheromones, and many others that affect behavior or physiology. Their use among insects has been particularly well documented, although many vertebrates and plants also communicate using pheromones.

Plant Fungi and diseases

The majority of phytopathogenic fungi belong to the Ascomycetes and the Basidiomycetes. Biotrophic fungal pathogens colonize living plant tissue and obtain nutrients from living host cells. Fungal diseases are both more widespread and more destructive than the other diseases of plants; they diminish harvests and decrease crop quality significantly, and they shorten the productive life span of fruit trees and berry fields.

Bacterial Diseases of Plants

Bacteria as plant pathogens can cause severe economically damaging diseases, ranging from spots, mosaic patterns or pustules on leaves and fruits, or smelly tuber rots to plant death. They do great harm to many agricultural crops, especially cotton, tobacco, tomatoes, potatoes, cabbage, and cucumbers. The diseases may be systemic causing the death of the entire plant or individual parts thereof; they may appear on the roots or in the vascular system [vascular disease or local limited to infection of individual parts or organs of the plant and also appearing in parenchymatous tissues, or they may be of a mixed nature.

Viral Diseases of Plants

Plant Viruses are made up of two components – a protein coat and the nucleic acid center. The nucleic acid is the infectious component of a virus. Viruses are obligate parasites, meaning that they must be within living tissue before they can reproduce themselves. They require a wound to gain entrance to a plant cell. In nature, they depend primarily on biological agents such as nematodes, insects and man for their dissemination. Once duplication starts, the virus is translocated from cell to cell through the plasmodesmata and to distant plant parts by the phloem.

Root Nematodes

Root Nematodes also known as Root knot Nematodes. These are plant-parasitic nematodes from the genus Meloidogyne. They exist in soil in areas with hot climates or short winters. plant disease caused by nematodes that produce enlargements on the roots and stunt the growth of the plant. Plants, if infected when young, will be stunted, more susceptible to drought stress, and show symptoms of nutrient deficiency

Nematode Parasites

Nematodes are the most numerous multicellular animals on earth. A handful of soil will contain thousands of the microscopic worms, many of them parasites of insects, plants or animals. Many numerous worms of the phylum Nematoda, having unsegmented cylindrical bodies often narrowing at each end, and including free-living species that are abundant in soil and water, and species that are parasites of plants and animals, such as eelworms, pinworms, and hookworms.

OMICS International Organises 1000 Conferences Every Year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific societies and Publishes 700 Open access journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Journal of Plant Pathology & Microbiology is associated with our international  conference Plant Science Conference  is a three day conference (September 21-23, 2015) going to be held at San Antonio, USA with the support of international representatives and editorial members.

 

*Unofficial 2014 Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2012 and 2013 with the number of times they are cited in 2014 based on Google search and the Scholar Citation Index database. If 'X' is the total number of articles published in 2012 and 2013, and 'Y' is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed journals during 2014 than, impact factor = Y/X.

 

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