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ISSN: 2161-038X

Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders

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Tin-Lap Lee
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

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Aleksandr M Fuks
Queens Hospital Center

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Jermane Bond
Joint Centre Health Policy Institute

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About the Journal

Impact Factor: 1.25*

Reproductive System and Sexual Disorders Journal deals with the male and female reproductive system and diseases associated with it. Various aspects of male and female reproductive health, encompassing the basic physiology of reproductive function with a focus on wide range of disorders, diagnosis and treatment.

Reproductive System and Sexual Disorders Journal is one of the best open access journals that aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on discoveries and current developments as original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in this field and provides online access to the researchers worldwide without any subscriptions Journal offers an Open Access platform to the International Scientific Community to publish their research outcome.

Journal of Reproductive System and Sexual Disorders is a peer reviewed medical journal covers following areas in its field but not limited to Reproductive health, Reproductive medicine, Sexual disorders, Reproductive system, Sexual behavior, Hormone replacement therapy, Ageing, Obstetrics, Reproductive endocrinology, Urinary tract infections, Sexually transmitted diseases, Male infertility, Sexual and Erectile dysfunction, Placenta, Sexual pains, Progesterone etc

The journal process articles through Editorial Manager System for quality publication in rapid peer review process. Editorial Manager is an online manuscript submission system which reviews and processes the articles and makes it easy for author, editor and reviewers to work simultaneously with easier review strategies and protocols. Review process is executed by the editorial board members of Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders or outside experts; at least two independent reviewer’s approval is mandatory followed by editor approval is required for acceptance of any citable manuscript. Authors can have a track on their valuable submissions any time to finally co-operate for processed article submission. Online system entitles the reviewers to download the relevant manuscripts and submit their opinions to the editor. Editor can manage and monitor the complete submission/review/revise/final publication process.

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Sex Organ

A sex organ or primary sexual characteristic is any anatomical part of the body involved in sexual reproduction and constituting the reproductive system in a complex organism, especially the external sex organs; the external sex organs are also commonly referred to as the genitalia or genitals.

Female sex organs are both inside and outside your body. The vulva, which is made up of the clitoris, mons pubis, inner and outer lips, and the vaginal opening, is outside of the body. The shape and look of the vulva differs from one woman to the next. Male sex organ, named as penis, is multipurpose, responsible for sexual pleasure, reproduction, and secretion of both urine and semen. The end of the penis, called the glans, contains the urethral opening that allows urine and semen to pass from the body. In uncircumcised men, an additional layer of skin covers the glans, and is referred to as the foreskin.

Related Journals of Sex Organ

Gynecology & Obstetrics, Current Trends in Gynecologic Oncology, Andrology & Gynecology: Current Research, Advances in Anatomy Embryology and Cell Biology, Sexual Development, Molecular Reproduction and Development, Russian Journal of Developmental Biology, Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology.

Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone

Gonadotropin releasing hormone also known as luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone and luliberin, as well as gonadorelin is produced and secreted by specialised nerve cells in the hypothalamus of the brain. It is a trophic peptide hormone responsible for the release of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone from the anterior pituitary.

During childhood, the levels of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone are extremely low, but as puberty approaches there is an increase in gonadotrophin-releasing hormone which triggers the onset of sexual maturation. When the ovaries and testes are fully functional, the production of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone, luteinising hormone and follicle stimulating hormone are controlled by the levels of testosterone (in men) and oestrogens (eg, oestradiol) and progesterone (in women). If the levels of these hormones rise, the production of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone decreases and vice versa.

Related Journals of Gonadotropin-releasing hormone

Journal of Autacoids and Hormones, Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome, Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, Best Practice and Research in Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology, Endocrine Journal, Endocrine development.


Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus as spontaneous expulsion of a human fetus during the first 12 weeks of gestation, induced expulsion of a human fetus, expulsion of a fetus by a domestic animal often due to infection at any time before completion of pregnancy.

There are a number of different methods of abortion. Broadly, there are two types of abortion – medical and surgical. A medical abortion is carried out using medication while a surgical abortion involves a minor operation. There are many reasons why a woman might decide to have an abortion, including: personal circumstances – including risk to the well being of existing children; a health risk to the mother; a high chance the baby will have a serious abnormality – either genetic or physical.

Related Journals of Abortion

Journal of Women's Health Care, Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health, Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health, Journal of Obstetric Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing, Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Journal of Women's Health, Women and Birth.


Adenocarcinomas: The type of cancer that begins in glandular (secretory) cells is known as adenocarcinomas. Glandular cells are found in tissue that lines certain internal organs and makes and releases substances in the body, such as mucus, digestive juices, or other fluids. Most cancers of the breast, pancreas, lung, prostate, and colon are adenocarcinomas.

Adenocarcinomas are diagnosed like other cancers. They are usually detected by taking a biopsy of the tumor and examining it under the microscope. If such a tumor is discovered, it requires prompt treatment. This is essential because the cancer may spread to other organs as well. Treatment includes surgical removal of the tumor to prevent its growth. After surgery, the patient may undergo chemotherapy and radiation to prevent the adenocarcinoma coming back.

Related Journals of Adenocarcinoma

Advances in Cancer Prevention, Journal of Cancer Clinical Trials, Oncology & Cancer Case Reports, Journal of Cancer, Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics, Journal of Cancer Epidemiology, Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy, Cancer Control, Cancer Nursing.


The Spermatogonia is an undifferentiated male germ cell that gives rise to a spermatocyte early in spermatogenesis, originating in a seminiferous tubule and dividing into two primary spermatocytes (a kind of germ cell) in the production of spermatozoa.

The male testes have tiny tubules containing diploid cells called spermatogonium that mature to become sperm. The basic function of spermatogenesis is to turn each one of the diploid spermatogonium into four haploid sperm cells.

Related Journals of Spermatogonia

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research, Molecular Histology & Medical Physiology, Journal of Reproduction and Development, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Developmental Biology, Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution, Reproduction, Fertility and Development, Sexual Development.


A sex-determination system is a biological system that determines the development of sexual characteristics in an organism on the basis of the presence of the XY chromosome combination in the cells of genetic males in the cells of genetic females.

In placental mammals, the presence of a Y chromosome determines sex. Normally, cells from females contain two X chromosomes, and cells from males contain an X and a Y chromosome. Occasionally, individuals are born with sex chromosome aneuploidies, and the sex of these individuals is always determined by the absence or presence of a Y chromosome. Thus, individuals with 47,XXY and 47,XYY karyotypes are males, while individuals with 45,X and 47,XXX karyotypes are females.

Related Journals of Sex Determination

Journal of Women's Health Care, Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health, Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics, Genetics and Molecular Research, Twin Research and Human Genetics, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics, Journal of Community Genetics.

In Vitro Fertilization

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex series of procedures used to treat fertility or genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child. During IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from your ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab. Then the fertilized egg (embryo) or eggs are implanted in your uterus.

In vitro fertilization (IVF)  can be used to treat infertility with the following patients: blocked or damaged fallopian tubes; male factor infertility including decreased sperm count or sperm motility; women with ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure, uterine fibroids; women who have had their fallopian tubes removed; individuals with a genetic disorder; unexplained infertility.

Related Journals of In vitro Fertilization

Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology, Journal of Womens Health Care, Journal of Reproduction and Infertility, Journal of Reproduction and Contraception, Journal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist, Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Sexually Transmitted Disease

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that can be transmitted through sexual contact with an infected individual. These are also termed sexually transmitted infections or STIs. STDs can be transmitted during vaginal or other types of sexual intercourse.

These infections often do not cause any symptoms. Medically, infections are only called diseases when they cause symptoms. That is why STDs are also called "sexually transmitted infections." But it’s very common for people to use the terms "sexually transmitted diseases" or "STDs," even when there are no signs of disease. There are many kinds of sexually transmitted diseases and infections. And they are very common — more than half of all of us will get one at some time in our lives. The good news is we can protect ourselves and each other from STDs. Practicing safer sex allows you to reduce your risk of getting sexually transmitted diseases. And if you've done anything that puts you at risk of infection, getting tested allows you to get any treatments you may need.

Related Journals of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Open Access, Journal of HIV & Retro Virus, Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases & Practice, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Sexually Transmitted Infections, Sexual Health, Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare, Sexuality and Disability, Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

Sexual Disorders

Sexual disorders are problems linked to sexual response, sexual arousal, sexual desire or an orgasm. Sexual disorders are not those one – off problems but are frequent and recurrent. This can be very stressful for an individual or his or her partner and very often can create problems in relationships.

Stress is a common cause of sexual disorders. It’s hard to feel sexy or be in the mood when you’re fatigued or overwhelmed. Sexual trauma or psychological issues can cause sexual disorders. So can diabetes, heart disease, or other medical conditions. Drug and alcohol use and certain medications can also be contributing factors.

Related Journals of Sexual Disorders

Health Care : Current Reviews, Primary Healthcare: Open Access, Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare, Sexual Health, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Sexually Transmitted Infections, Current Sexual Health Reports.

Sex Hormones

Sex hormones is a steroid hormone that interact with vertebrate androgen or estrogen receptors (as estrogen or testosterone) that is produced especially by the ovaries, testes, or adrenal cortex, that regulates the sexual development of an organism and affects the growth or function of the reproductive organs.

Sex hormones are steroids (fat soluble compounds) that control sexual maturity and reproduction. Sex hormones are produced mainly by the endocrine glands. The endocrine glands in females are ovaries and those in males are testes. While both males and females have all types of hormones present in their bodies, females produce the majority of two types of hormones, estrogens and progesterone, while males produce mainly androgens such as testosterone. Most androgens produced by females are converted to estrogens and some androgens in males are also converted to estrogens. Sex hormones are synthesized from cholesterol (a fatty acid) and other compounds and secreted throughout a person's lifetime at different levels. Their production increases at puberty and normally decreases in old age.

Related Journals of sex Hormones

Journal of Autacoids and Hormones, Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome, Journal of Clinical and Molecular Endocrinology, Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews, Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism, Turkish Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, US Endocrinology, Austrian Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Clinical Endocrinology.

Fallopian Tube

Fallopian tube: One of the two Fallopian tubes that transport the egg from the ovary to the uterus (the womb). The Fallopian tubes are not labeled but are well shown running between the uterus and ovaries. It carries an egg from the ovary to the uterus.

The Fallopian tubes are far from passive tubes in the female reproductive system; on the contrary, they play an extremely active role in the process of fertilization. Just prior to ovulation, smooth muscle tissue in the fimbriae responds to the changing levels of female sex hormones and begins producing slow, steady contractions. These contractions result in the sweeping of the surface of the ovary by the fimbriae in anticipation of the release of the ova. Once the ovum is released, the fimbriae pick it up and carry it into the infundibulum. Next, cilia in the mucosal lining and peristaltic waves of the muscularis carry the ovum through the infundibulum, ampulla, and isthmus toward the uterus. Sperm deposited into the vagina during sexual intercourse may enter the Fallopian tubes from the uterus and fertilize the ovum as it travels toward the womb.

Related Journals of Fallopian Tube

Gynecology & Obstetrics, Current Trends in Gynecologic Oncology, Andrology & Gynecology: Current Research, Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India, Journal of Obstetric Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing.


Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between the bladder and the rectum. The narrow lower portion of the uterus is the cervix (the neck of the uterus). The broader upper part is the corpus, which is made up of three layers of tissue.

The uterus, also commonly known as the womb, is a hollow muscular organ of the female reproductive system that is responsible for the development of the embryo and fetus during pregnancy. An incredibly distensible organ, the uterus can expand during pregnancy from around the size of a closed fist to become large enough to hold a full term baby. It is also an incredibly strong organ, able to contract forcefully to propel a full term baby out of the body during childbirth.The main purpose of the uterus is to nourish a fetus prior to birth.

Related Journals of Uterus

Journal of Women's Health Care, Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health, Women and Birth, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, Journal of Pregnancy, International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Italian Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics.

Mammary Gland

Mammary gland: The compound accessory reproductive organs of female mammals that occur in pairs on the chest or ventral surface and contain milk-producing lobes with ducts that empty into an external nipple, Within each mammary gland is a network of sacs that produce milk during lactation and send it to the nipple via a system of ducts.

Mammary gland function is regulated by hormones. At puberty, increasing levels of estrogen stimulate the development of glandular tissue in the female breast. Estrogen also causes the breast to increase in size through the accumulation of adipose tissue. Progesterone stimulates the development of the duct system. During pregnancy, these hormones enhance further development of the mammary glands.

Related Journals of Mammary Gland

Gynecology & Obstetrics, Current Trends in Gynecologic Oncology, Breast, Breast Care, Breast Journal, Breastfeeding Medicine, Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy, Breast Diseases.


Spermatozoa are a mature male germ cell, which fertilizes the oocyte in sexual reproduction and contains the genetic information for the zygote from the male. Spermatozoa, formed in the seminiferous tubules, are derived from spermatogonia, which first develop into spermatocytes; these in turn produce spermatids by meiosis, which then differentiate into spermatozoa.

Mature human spermatozoa are 60 µm long, actively motile, divided into 3 main regions: head, neck and tail. The spermatozoa have to go through several temporal maturation steps in a series of different locations in order to be capable of penetrating into the oocyte.

Related Journals of Spermatozoa

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research, Molecular Histology & Medical Physiology, Sexual Development, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Developmental Biology, Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution, Journal of Reproduction and Development, Reproduction, Fertility and Development.

Reproductive System

The reproductive system or genital system is a system of sex organs within an organism which work together for the purpose of sexual reproduction. Many non-living substances such as fluids, hormones, and pheromones are also important accessories to the reproductive system. The system of organs involved with the reproduction of an organism, especially sexual reproduction. It consists mainly of the ovaries, uterus, and vagina in females and the testes and penis in males.

The major function of the reproductive system is to ensure survival of the species. Other systems in the body, such as the endocrine and urinary systems, work continuously to maintain homeostasis for survival of the individual. An individual may live a long, healthy, and happy life without producing offspring, but if the species is to continue, at least some individuals must produce offspring. Within the context of producing offspring, the reproductive system has four functions: to produce egg and sperm cells; to transport and sustain these cells; to nurture the developing offspring; to produce hormones.

Related Journals of Reproductive System

Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology, International perspectives on sexual and reproductive health, Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine, Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care, Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences, Journal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist, Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine.

Reproductive Behavior

Reproductive behavior is a behavior related any activity directed toward perpetuation of a species. Successful reproductive efforts require the establishment of a situation favorable for reproduction, often require behavior leading to the union of male and female gametes, and often require behavior that facilitates or ensures the survival and development of the young.

Reproductive behaviour in animals includes all the events and actions that are directly involved in the process by which an organism generates at least one replacement of itself. In an evolutionary sense, the goal of an individual in reproduction is not to perpetuate the population or the species; rather, relative to the other members of its population, it is to maximize the representation of its own genetic characteristics in the next generation. The dominant form of reproductive behaviour for achieving this purpose is sexual rather than asexual, although it is easier mechanically for an organism simply to divide into two or more individuals.

Related Journals of Reproductive behaviour

Reproductive Biology, Reproductive Medicine and Biology, Reproductive BioMedicine Online, Reproduction, Fertility and Development, Seminars in Reproductive Medicine.

Cervical Dilation

Cervical dilation (or cervical dilatation) is the opening of the cervix, the entrance to the uterus, during childbirth, miscarriage, induced abortion, or gynecological surgery. Cervical dilation may occur naturally, or may be induced by surgical or medical means. At full dilation the diameter of the cervical opening is 10 cm.

At the end of pregnancy, when the baby drops down into the pelvis, the baby’s head puts pressure on the cervix. This constant pressure causes your body to release oxytocin, which is the hormone that causes contractions. The contractions push the baby even farther down onto the cervix, which causes it to dilate, which causes more contractions and so on. It’s the combination of hormones and pressure from the baby’s head that cause cervix dilation.

Related Journals of Cervical Dilation

Journal of Womens Health CareJournal of Pregnancy and Child Health, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, Journal of Pregnancy, Journal of Women's Health.


A pheromone is a secreted or excreted chemical substance that usually triggers a social response in members of the same species. Pheromones are chemicals capable of acting outside the body of the secreting individual to impact the behavior of the receiving individual of the same species for one or more behavioral responses.

Pheromones, unlike most other hormones are ectohormones - they act outside the body of the individual that is secreting them - they impact a behavior on another individual. Hormones usually only affect the individual that is secreting them. Pheromones can be secreted to trigger many types of behaviors, including:alarm; to follow a food trail; sexual arousal; to tell other female insects to lay their eggs elsewhere; to respect a territory; to bond (mother-baby);to back off.

Related Journals of Pheromone

Chemical Senses, Chemistry and Biology, Chemosensory Perception, Current Chemical Genomics.


Genitalia are the male or female the organs of the reproductive system. The genitalia include internal and external parts. The female internal genitalia are the ovaries, Fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and vagina. The male internal genitalia are the testes, epididymis, and vas deferens.

Related Journals of Genitalia

Gynecology & Obstetrics, Current Trends in Gynecologic Oncology, Andrology & Gynecology: Current Research, Women and Health, Women's Health, Women's health (London, England), International Journal of Women's Health, Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health.

Unisexual Reproduction

Unisexual Reproduction refers to the production of an offspring without the need of copulation for example amoeba this single celled creature merely divides into two at the appropriate time. A vasectomy is a surgical procedure performed on males in which the vas deferens are cut, tied, cauterized or otherwise interrupted. The testicles continue to produce sperm, but they die and are absorbed by the body.

Related Journals of Unisexual Reproduction

Reproduction, Reproductive Biology Insights, Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.), Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care, Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences.


Impact Factor: 1.25*

*Unofficial 2014 Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2012 and 2013 with the number of times they are cited in 2014 based on Google search and the Scholar Citation Index database. If ‘X’ is the total number of articles published in 2012 and 2013, and ‘Y’ is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed journals during 2014 than, impact factor = Y/X


Recently published articles

Differential Expression of mRNA Encoding Cytokines and Chemokines in the Reproductive Tract after Infection of Mice with Chlamydia trachomatis

Katheryn L. Cerny, Maranda Van Fleet, Anatoly Slepenkin, Ellena M. Peterson and Phillip J. Bridges

Menarche Age of Mothers and Daughters and Correlation between them in Saudi Arabia

Abdulmoein Eid Al-Agha, Sawsan Alabbad, Bara’ah Tatwany and Aseel Aljahdali

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