Tumour markers are made by normal cells as well as by cancer cells. These are the substances that are produced by cancer or by other cells of the body in response to cancer or certain begin conditions. These substances can be found in the blood, urine, stool, tumour tissue, or other tissues or bodily fluids of some patients with cancer.
Most tumor markers are proteins. However, more recently, patterns of gene expression and changes to DNA have also begun to be used as tumor markers. Markers of the latter type are assessed in tumor tissue specifically.Thus far, more than 20 different tumor markers have been characterized and are in clinical use.
Related Journals of Tumour Biomarkers
Biology and Medicine, Single Cell Biology,Gene Technology Journal, Medical Toxicology and Clinical Forensic Medicine,Tumor, Toxicology,Toxicology: Open Access,Tumor Biology, Tumori, Rare Tumors, Tumor Diagnostik und Therapie.