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Acute Kidney Failure

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Acute kidney failure

 Acute kidney failure occurs when your kidneys suddenly become unable to filter waste products from your blood. When your kidneys lose their filtering ability, dangerous levels of wastes may accumulate, and your blood's chemical makeup may get out of balance due to loss of electrolytes.

Typical symptoms

Decreased urine output, Fluid retention, causing swelling in your legs, ankles or feet, Drowsiness, Shortness of breath, Fatigue, Confusion, Nausea, Seizures or coma in severe cases, Chest pain or pressure.

 

 
Acute kidney failure

 Dignosis

Urine output measurements, Urine tests, Blood tests, Imaging tests, Removing a sample of kidney tissue for testing

 

 
Acute kidney failure

 Statistics

The Renal Registry's interim report for 1999-2014 said a total of 5,912 people were receiving dialysis at the end of last year - about 500 more than in 2013. To deal with the rising numbers, at least one new dialysis centre had to be set up every year for the past few years. It noted that most who turned to dialysis were Chinese (67 per cent) but "the proportion had increased among Malays (from 16.6 per cent in 1999 to 24.5 per cent last year) and Indians (from 6.2 per cent in 1999 to 8.8 per cent last year)". In 2002, 728 people had end-stage kidney disease - about 1,000 fewer than last year. Today, in spite of medication, only 40 per cent of diabetics are able to keep their blood sugar levels in check. "This means six in 10 don't meet their target Last year, about 1,730 people lost the use of their kidneys, up from 1,657 in 2013, latest figures from the Renal Registry

 

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