Anwar Tawfik Amin
South Egypt Cancer Institute, Egypt
Anwar Tawfik Amin, Egyptian oncologist has done research in surgical stress on microscopic residual cancer after surgery. Monbokagakusho grant, Japan Government. Member of Egyptian Soi. Surgical Oncology. M D, Assiut University, faculty of medicine, 2001; Doctor of Philosophy, Japan, Oita University, Graduate school of medicine, 2010.
Background: Laparoscopic colectomy has been shown to have significant short- and long-term benefits compared to open approach. The incorporation of laparoscopy in developing countries is challenging, due to the high costs of equipment and lack of expertise. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic colorectal surgery for cancer that could be performed in developing countries under different circumstances in developed countries. Methods: Thirty-seven patients (23 males and 14 females) with colorectal cancer with a median age of 46 years (39–72) have been enrolled for laparoscopic colo-rectal surgery in a tertiary center in Egypt (South Egypt Cancer Institute) with the trend of reuse of some disposable laparoscopic instruments. Results: The median operative time was 130 min (95–195 min). The median estimated blood loss was 70 ml (30–90 ml). No major intra-operative complications have been encountered. Two cases (5.5%) have been converted because of local advancement (one case) and bleeding with unavailability of vessel sealing device at that time (one case). The median time for passing flatus after surgery was 36 h (12–72 h). The median hospital stay was 4.8 days (4–7 days). The peri-operative period passed without events. Pathologic outcome revealed that the median number of retrieved lymph nodes was 14 (range 9–23 lymph node) and all cases had free surgical margin. Conclusion: Laparoscopic colorectal surgery for cancer in developing countries could be safe and feasible. Safe reuse of disposable expensive parts of some laparoscopic instruments could help in propagation of this technique in developing countries.