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Durba Roy

Durba Roy

Birla Institute of Technology & Science – Pilani, India

Title: Disulfide Bonds as Structural Scaffolds for Neurotoxic Peptides

Biography

Durba Roy has completed her PhD In 2008 From the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India And postdoctoral studies from the Pennsylvania State University and the New York University. She is an Assistant Professor at the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Hyderabad, India. She is interested to study the role of disulfide bonds in peptides and proteins through Molecular Dynamics Simulation and how one can use computation tools towards designing engineered peptides of enhanced therapeutic potency.

Abstract

Animal venoms are mostly composed of cysteine and disulfide-rich peptides. These peptides are neurotoxins and are highly selective in attacking a wide range of neuroreceptors and ion channels.1-2 Among these peptide toxins, conopeptides (natural toxins expressed by the carnivorous marine cone snails of the genus Conus) are used extensively in neurophysiological studies to investigate isoforms of specific neuro-receptors. These neurotoxins are often characterized by structural motifs of cysteine (Cys) and disulfide bonds, which play a vital role in dictating the overall folds in the structure of these peptide-toxins. The structure in turn is significantly responsible for the determination of toxin function and selectivity. A major challenge, which makes experimental work with the disulfide-rich venom peptides difficult, is to obtain sufficient material for structural and functional characterization. The synthesis is very difficult for these venom peptides, as they often form isoforms due to the presence of non-native disulfide-linkages. Hence, computer simulation has become an indispensable tool to study the shape, size, conformational stability, hydrodynamic behavior, folding patterns and denaturation of these peptide-toxins.3 In the present work, using microsecond order all-atom Molecular Dynamics simulation with classical force field, we are proposing to develop a general understanding of the folding pattern of such venom peptides in water in realistic time scales. How far the disulfide bond scrambling induces deviation in the structure of these neurotoxins from the native form is the fundamental answer that we are looking for. Further, we estimate quantitatively, the ratio of the different disulfide bond isoforms that would appear in equilibrium under a given reaction condition using classical MD data.