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Ganesh Raj Pant

Ganesh Raj Pant

University of Agriculture and Forestry,Nepal

Title: Effect of Vaccination to Control Japanese Encephalitis in Nepal: A review

Biography

Currently Ganesh Raj Pant is an Adjunct Faculty or Visiting Associated Professor at the Faculty of Animal Science, Veterinary Science and Fisheries, in the University of Agriculture and Forestry, Rampur, Chitawn, Nepal. Previously he was the Chief Veterinary Officer within the Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture Development, Government of Nepal. He worked in his country from 1983 to 2014 and implemented animal production and animal health program successfully. He worked as a chief of Central Veterinary Laboratory and Rabies Vaccine Production Laboratory in Kathmandu where he studied Japanese encephalitis, Rabies, Rinderpest and Avian Influenza. He is very keen in field investigation and laboratory diagnosis of zoonotic disease as well as production of cell culture rabies vaccine in Nepal. He completed his Bachelor’s degree in Veterinary Science from India and Master’s in Tropical Veterinary Science from UK. He is into the research work and has published 15 research articles in national and international journals.

Abstract

Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine was first introduced in 1999 and then 2006 in Nepal. Live attenuated SA 14-14-2 Japanese encephalitis (JE) was used throughout the highly endemic districts. Regular vaccine was applied to children 12-23 months old whereas vaccine campaign was targeted to all people above 1 year. Vaccine schedule was recommended as single dose, 0.5 ml, SC. From 2006 to 2009, a total number of 8,266,250 (74%) out of 11,202,173 targeted people were vaccinated in 23 endemic districts. Meanwhile 418, 244 children of 12 to 23 months old were targeted to be vaccinated in 2012/2013 and 88% of targeted children were vaccinated. The incidence of JE and acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) was reduced by 72% and 58% respectively in Nepal after mass vaccination. Number of cases and death of JE was 2,784 and 316 in 2005 which was 75 and 0 in 2012, after vaccination. Therefore vaccination was found very much effective to control JE in Nepal.

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