Controls (n=460) T2DM (n=438) p
Age (Years) 45.99 ± 7.77 53.5 ± 10.78 <0.0001
Weight (kg) 76.61 ± 14.52 77.37 ± 13.55 0.41
Height (cm) 161.25 ± 8.79 161.10 ± 9.30 0.80
Body mass index (kg/m2) 29.22 ± 5.58 29.9 ± 5.89 0.95
Sex: Male/Female (52.6%)/(47.4%) (57.3%)/(42.7%) 0.0002
Hypertension (%) 8.7% 6.4% NA
SBP (mmHg) 114.80 ± 8.04 125.83 ± 9.96 <0.0001
DBP (mmHg) 75.81 ± 6.20 81.25 ± 4.82 0.0001
Waist 89.75 ± 14.19 95.3 ± 18.96 <0.0001
Hips 101.75 ± 14.72 99.64 ± 16.52 0.01
FBS (mmol/L) 5.23 ± 0.61 12.92 ± 4.60 <0.0001
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.62 ± 0.86 2.24 ± 1.62 <0.0001
Cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.04 ± 0.96 5.61 ± 1.26 <0.0001
HDLC (mmol/l) 0.64 ± 0.23 0.84 ± 0.37 <0.0001
LDLC (mmol/l) 3.66 ± 0.85 3.76 ± 1.05 0.0008
Total cholesterol/ LDLC 9.42 ± 2.33 8.74 ± 1.83 0.003
Glucose (mmol/l) 5.7 ± 1.2 9.4 ± 1.5 0.0002
Insulin(μU/ml) 12.5 ± 1.8 16.2 ± 2.2 0.0002
HOMA-IR 3.15 ± 1.9 6.8 ± 2.4 0.00008
Family History 233 (50.7%) 438 (100%) <0.0001
Note: Data represented as mean ± SD for continuous variables, pValues for independent T-test are given. p-value significant at <0.05. NA= Not Analyzed/ Not Applicable
Table 1: Demographic characteristics of the study population.