Composition analysis (%by weight) KLR PLR HLR
Moisture 9 ± 0.2 9 ± 0.05 9 ± 0.02
Ash 0.2 ± 0.02 0.4 ± 0.02 0.4 ± 0.01
Protein 0.12 ± 0.01 0.16 ± 0.01 0.14 ± 0.01
Amylose 18.75 ± 0.04 21.16 ± 0.29 20.84 ± 0.03
Size (µm) range 10.2 - 50.7 10.2 - 50.7 10.2 - 50.7
Shape Round, oval round, elongated Round, elliptic, elongated Round, oval round and elongated
Water binding capacity % 100.2 ± 0.2 102.3 ± 0.2 91.8 ± 0.2
Oil binding capacity % 114.5 ± 0.3 51.6 ± 0.3 38.63 ± 0.15
Sediment volume 86.6 ± 1.5 50.3 ± 2.5 47 ± 2
Swelling power (g/g) 12.57 ± 0.02 2.1 ± 0.01 2.12 ± 0.02
Solubility % 1.65 ± 0.03 3.33 ± 0.02 3.31 ± 0.03
Paste clarity 14.06 ± 0.11 9.2 ± 0.2 8.6 ± 0.2
Values are the means ±standard deviations of the means at least three determinations n=3.
Table 1: Physicochemical characteristics of KLR, PLR and HLR starch.