Procedure First application West Berlin First application East Berlin Routine application West Berlin Routine application East Berlin
Screening preeclampsia 1953 (1951-1955) 1953(1951-1955) 1954 (1952-1957) 1954 (1953-1957)
Screening gestational diabetes 1968 (1963-1971) 1955(1953-1957b 1971 (1966-1971) 1957 (1954-1958)b
Antenatal classes 1964 (1955-1965) 1956(1954-1957)a 1967 (1958-1968) 1956 (1954-1957)b
Promotion breastfeeding 1966 (1965-1973) 1956(1954-1964)b 1967 (1966-1973) 1962 (1957-1964)b
Rh prophylaxis 1967 (1966-1968) 1967(1966-1970) 1967 (1966-1972) 1967 (1966-1972)
Intrauterine transfer 1987 (1986-1987) 1970(1970-1972)a 1987 (1986-1988) 1970 (1970-1973)b
Primary neonatal care 1967 (1966-1972) 1967(1967-1970) 1968 (1966-1972) 1968 (1968-1970)
Apgar/ pH umbilical artery 1963 (1960-1966)a 1969(1967-1969) 1966 (1960-1966) 1968 (1966-1968)
Amnioscopy 1960 (1960-1961) 1962(1962-1964) 1962 (1960-1963) 1965 (1962-1967)
Fetal blood sampling 1964 (1962-1967)a 1970(1967-1972) 1967 (1962-1967)a 1972 (1971-1976)
FHR monitoring 1966 (1966-1966) 1970(1968-1971) 1967 (1966-1968)a 1973 (1972-1977)
Amniocentesis/prenatal diagnosis 1955 (1954-1961)b 1973(1972-1976) 1973 (1972-1973) 1977 (1973-1982)
Ultrasound 1967 (1966-1970)a 1975(1970-1977) 1972 (1967-1972)a 1977 (1973-1978)
Lung maturity testing 1972 (1971-1973) 1973(1972-1975) 1976 (1971-1983) 1976 (1973-1978)
Doppler 1984 (1982-1987) 1987(1986-1988) 1986 (1986-1987) 1988 (1986-1989)
Tocolytic treatment 1967 (1967-1969) 1967(1967-1969) 1971 (1967-1973) 1973 (1972-1974)
Induction lung maturity 1973 (1973-1974) 1976(1975-1976) 1975 (1972-1978) 1976 (1976-1977)
Cervical ripening 1976 (1976-1977)a 1982(1977-1984) 1977 (1976-1981)a 1986 (1986-1987)
Oxytocin during labor 1963 (1962-1967) 1963(1960-1965) 1967 (1963-1969)a 1976 (1964-1966)
Peridural anesthesia 1970 (1967-1973)b 1980(1972-1987) 1972 (1971-1976)b 1987 (1974-1987)
a: >Five years ahead. b: >Ten years ahead.
Table 1: Year of First and Routine Introduction of New Techniques or Policies for Maternal-Child Health Care in East and West Berlin between 1950 and 1990.