Time (min) NS concentration (ppm) Arabidopsis seed
Decontaminated (%) Survived* (%)
Control 0 100
5 100 100 99 ± 1
  250 100 100
  500 100 99 ± 0.5
  1000 100 98 ± 0.6
  2000 100 99 ± 0.7
10 100 100 99 ± 0.4
  250 100 97 ± 1.2
  500 100 96 ± 2.1
  1000 100 98 ± 1.0
  2000 100 99 ± 0.9
20 100 100 97 ± 1.3
  250 100 1 ± 0.2
  500 100 1.3 ± 0.3
  1000 100 0
  2000 100 0
30 100 100 0
  250 100 0
  500 100 0
  1000 100 0
  2000 100 0
60 100 100 0
  250 100 0
  500 100 0
  1000 100 0
  2000 100 0
*mean ± standard deviation
Table 2: The effect of different concentrations and exposures of NS on Arabidopsis