Reference
[Tooth Type]

Country

Area

Sample

Analytical Method

Mean Pb Concentraion

Bu-Olayan AH Thomas BV

Kuwait

Industrial

108

AAS

2.38 – 2.50 μg/g

[Primary]

 

Sub-Urban

108

 

2.21 – 2.30 μg/g

Costade Almeida GR, et al. (2007)

Brasil

Uncontaminated

247

GFASS

Median 206 μg/g

[Primary]

 

Contaminated

26

 

Median 785 μg/g

Karahalil B, et al. (2007)

Turkey

Sub-Urban

279

 

1.77 ± 1.03 μg/g

[Primary]

 

Urban

 

 

1.30 ± 0.59 μg/g

Arruda-Neto JD, et al. (2009)

Brasil

Sao Paulo

74

ICP-MS

1.3 μg/g

[Primary]

 

 

 

 

 

Kamberi B, et al. (2011)

Kosovo

Industrial

31

 

22.3 mg/kg

[Permanent]

Kosovo

Non-Industrial

32

ICP-MS

3.2 mg/kg

 

Austri

Non-Industrial

23

 

1.7 mg/kg

Table 1: Mean lead concentration levels in different countries.