Characteristic/Measurement Lidocaine group
(N=52)
Remifentanil group
(N=57)
p-value
Age (mean ± sd) years 48 ± 10 49 ± 11 0.58
Female 42 (81%) 40 (70%) 0.20
BMI (mean ± sd) 28.7 ± 6.3 28.4 ± 5.3 0.81
Smokers 41 (79%) 48 (84%) 0.47
HTN 15 (29%) 18 (32%) 0.76
Duration of surgery (mean ± SD) in minutes 181 ± 83 130 ± 56 0.0002
Duration of intubation (mean ± SD) in minutes 217 ± 87 162 ± 62 0.0002
Table 3: Patient Characteristics.