Characteristic Not Engaged
(n=88)
Engaged
(n=397)
p-value*
  n % n %
Female 37 42% 165 42% 0.93
Male 51 58% 232 58%
White 24 27% 78 20% 0.27
Other/ Unknown Race 2 2% 10 3%
Black 41 47% 226 57%
Hispanic 21 24% 83 21%
Housing 61 69% 339 85% <0.01
Homeless 26 30% 56 14%
Unknown Housing 1 1% 2 1%
Heterosexual 31 35% 204 51% 0.01
Other Risk 5 6% 11 3%
Unknown Risk 13 15% 26 7%
MSM 19 22% 90 23%
IDU (incl MSM IDU) 20 23% 66 17%
Mean age 40.5 NA 42.4 NA 0.13
On ART Baseline 42 48% 140 35% 0.03
VL undetectable 27 31% 72 18% 0.01
VL detectable 23 26% 153 39%
VL unknown at first visit 38 43% 172 43%
CD4 over 200 40 45% 166 42% 0.80
CD4<200 11 13% 49 12%
CD4 unknown at first visit 37 42% 182 46%
ADI 9 10% 16 4% 0.02
Hepatitis A, B, or C 11 13% 26 7% 0.06
Other Medical Comorbidity 16 16% 72 18% 0.62
Psychiatric Disorder 12 14% 47 12% 0.64
STI 14 16% 39 10% 0.10
Substance Use Disorder 10 11% 44 11% 0.94
*P-value calculated using either χ2 test or, for variables with expected cell counts ≤ 5, Fisher’s Exact test. The exception was age, a continuous measure, where a student’s t-test was used to calculate the p-value. The n column for mean age is the mean age for that patient group.
Table 1: Characteristics of Patients Engaged and Not Engaged in Care (n=485).