Variable M + D + C* Group 1 (n=50) M + D + P* Group 2 (n=50) p
Gender, male 30 32 n.s.
Average age (years) 26.8 27.9 n.s.
Chronic hepatitis B, yes 0 1 n.s.
Chronic hepatitis C, yes 15 18 n.s.
HIV-infection, yes 0 0 n.s.
Average initial methadone dose (mg/day) 72.3 ( ± 27.1) 66.7 (±29.2) n.s.
Average initial diazepam dose (mg/day) 18.2 (±7.8) 18.2 (±8.3) n.s.
Drop-outs 23 19 n.s.
Average duration of treatment / drop-outs (days) 15.2 (±9.3) 15.8 (±9.7) n.s.
Average duration of treatment / completers (days) 22.7 (±8.3) 23.3 (±8.1) n.s.
N.S. = Not Significant; M: Methadone; D: Diazepam; C: Carbamazepine; P: Placebo
Table 1: Sociodemographic and medical patient characteristics.