Plant Active principle Enzyme inhibitory activity Anti-hemorrhagic activity Anti-inflammatory activity Anti-coagulant activity Anti-bacterialactivity Anti-myotoxic activity Region of ethnosocial use (ref)
Andrographispaniculata Terpenoids + - + - - - AndhraPradesh [17,21,22] Tamilnadu [25,26] Arunachal Pradesh [27]
Areca catechu Polyphenols Quercitin,Curcumin,Tannic acid + + - - - - Tamilnadu [28]
Aristolochiasps. Aristolochic acid + - - - - - Andhra Pradesh [17,21] Karnataka [19] Tamilnadu[25,26,27] Madhya Pradesh [27]
Azadirachtaindica AIPLAI + - - - - - Tamilnadu [26]
Ecliptaprostrata Wedelolactone, D-mannitol,Sitosterol, Stigmasterol - + - - - - AndhraPradesh [17] Tamilnadu [25,26]
Emblicaofficinalis PhthalateTriterpenoids + + + - - + Maharashtra [27]
Gymnemasylvestre Triterpenoid glycoside + - - - - - Madhya Pradesh [20]
Hemidesmusindica 2-hydroxy-4-methoxy benzoic acidLLupeol acetate + + + + - - Andhra Pradesh [17] Madhya Pradesh [20] Chattisgarh [23] Tamilnadu [25,26] West Bengal [27]
Macunapruriens Glycoproteins + - + + - - Andhra Pradesh [17] Chattisgarh [23] Tamilnadu [26] Uttar Pradesh [27]
Mimosa pudica Tanins + + + + - + Andhra Pradesh [17] Karnataka [19] Madhya Pradesh [20] Chattisgarh [23] Tamilnadu [26,27] Uttar Pradesh, Nagaland [27]
Morus alba Prenylflavanes Glycoside + + + + - - Tamilnadu [29]
Strychnosnux vomica Amide, Caffeic acid, SNV NF + + + - - - Andhra Pradesh [17,22] Tamilnadu [25] Orissa [27]
Vitexnegudo Triterpenoids - + + + - - HimachalPradesh, Karnataka,Kerala [27]
Withaniasomnifera Alkaloids,GlycoproteinWSG + - - - - - Karnataka [19,27]
Table 2: Plants with pharmacological potential used for treating snake bites