Biomarker (µg/L)a
  GMb LCLc UCLd SDe nf (D/ND)g pH
Mexican American* 0.353 0.012 0.695 4.75 744 (402/342) <0.0001
Non-Hispanic Black* 0.486 0.095 0.877 5.42 738 (439/299)
Non-Hispanic White* 0.319 0.034 0.603 5.12 1247 (605/642)
Other Hispanic 0.306 -0.537 1.15 4.83 126 (62/64)
Other 0.424 -0.418 1.27 4.71 120 (72/48)
Total                                                                                                                                                                         2975
 
Creatinine Adjusted (µg/g)i
  GM LCL UCL SD n p
Mexican American 0.350 0.066 0.634 3.95 744 0.131
Non-Hispanic Black 0.364 0.036 0.692 4.54 737
Non-Hispanic White 0.344 0.113 0.576 4.16 1246
Other Hispanic 0.292 -0.443 1.03 4.21 126
Other 0.461 -0.161 1.08 3.48 120
Total 2973
a(μg/L) = Micrograms per Liter; b(GM) = Geometric Mean; c(LCL) = Lower Confidence Limit; d(UCL) = Upper Confidence Limit; e(SD) = Standard Deviation; f(n) = Number in Sample; g(D/ND) = Number of Detects/Number of Non-Detects; h(p) = Level of Significance at p= 0.05 Level (Highlighted in Bold); i(μg/g) = Micrograms per Gram. *Indicates groups that are significantly different from each other
Table 5: One-Way ANOVA and Tukey Analysis Comparing Geometric Means of Ethnic Groups for Paranitrophenol.