Biomarker (µg/L)a
  GMb LCLc UCLd SDe nf (D/ND)g pH
Children 0.349 0.047 0.650 3.71 580 (453/127) 0.0742
Adolescent 0.363 0.169 0.556 3.40 749 (613/136)
Adult 0.321 0.140 0.501 3.17 1719 (1293/426)
Total 3048  
 
Creatinine Adjusted (µg/g)i
  GM LCL UCL SD n p
Children*** 0.418 0.139 0.697 3.43 580 <0.0001
Adolescent*** 0.269 0.049 0.490 3.08 748
Adult*** 0.321 0.159 0.483 3.43 1718
Total 3046  
a(μg/L) = Micrograms per Liter; b(GM) = Geometric Mean; c(LCL) = Lower Confidence Limit; d(UCL) = Upper Confidence Limit; e(SD) = Standard Deviation; f(n) = Number in Sample; g(D/ND) = Number of Detects/Number of Non-Detects; h(p) = Level of Significance at p= 0.05 Level (Highlighted in Bold); i(μg/g) = Micrograms per Gram. *** Indicates that all three groups are significantly different from each other.
Table 9: One-Way ANOVA and Tukey Analysis Comparing Geometric Means of Age Groups for 3-Phenoxybenzoic Acid.