Type of battery leachate (MABL)

 

 

 Parameter

BL1

BL2

BL3

BL4

BL5

PH

3.29

2.14

2.34

1.56

6.29

Cadmium

1.417 ± 0.06

1.410 ± 0.00

1.417 ± 0.06

1.427 ± 0.21

1.413 ± 0.06

Cobalt

1.847 ± 0.06

1.850 ± 0.20

1.837 ± 0.12

1.827 ± 0.32

1.837 ± 0.15

Chromium

24.1 ± 15.59

23.467 ± 25.03

29.533 ± 8.51

11.3 ± 13.53

20.433 ± 17.62

Copper

2.783 ± 2.41

3.277 ± 1.88

2.44 ± 2.63

2.437 ± 1.33

2.18 ± 1.06

Iron

1.77 ± 0.40

2.323 ± 1.01

1.76 ± 0.36

1.83 ± 1.73

1.733 ± 0.15

Manganese

1.853 ± 0.12

1.833 ± 0.12

18.57 ± 0.15

1.84 ± 0.17

1.85 ± 0.17

Molybdenum  

 2.017 ± 0.45

2.010 ± 0.20

2.027 ± 0.15

2.073 ± 0.92

2.0 ± 0.20

Nickel

2.277 ± 0.67

2.517 ± 0.15

2.267 ± 0.15

2.257 ± 1.25

2.193 ± 0.32

Lead

8.167 ± 2.60

9.383 ± 6.19

7.35 ± 1.93

27.9 ± 17.00

12.1 ± 3.61

Selenium

2.023 ± 0.72

2.057 ± 0.84

2.023 ± 0.55

2.233 ± 3.20

2.043 ± 0.34

Zinc

1.757 ± 0.06

2.277 ± 0.40

1.758 ± 0.06

1.757 ± 0.21

1.747 ± 0.06

Table 1: Characterization of proximate heavy metals (Chemical components) of Municipal auto- battery Leachate (MABL). Values are significantly higher (P<0.05) against the NAFDAC, USEPA, FEPA and WHO, n=3. Values are measured in part per million (ppm).