variables alcohol drinking status
Non-drinking (n=1707) £25g/day (n=84) 26-50g/day (n=176)  >50g/day (n=596)
Age(year) 45.1± 12.4 50.0±14.3† 49.8±12.3† 49.2±11.3†
Male,%(95%CI) 21.7(19.8-23.8) 48.8(37.9-60.0)† 56.3(48.6-63.7)† 90.4(87.8-92.7)†‡∆
Smoking,% (95%CI) 31.3(29.1-33.5) 48.8(37.9-60.0)† 68.8(61.3-75.5)†‡ 74.7(71.0-78.1) †‡∆
Body mass index (kg/m2)* 21.9(19.9-24.5) 21.8(19.9-25.0) 21.5(19.4-23.9) 21.2(19.6-23.6) †
Overweight(BMI³25kg/m2), % (95%CI) 22.0(20.0-24.0) 25.0(16.2-35.6) 17.6(12.3-24.1) 15.4(12.7-18.6) †
Waist circumference(cm)* 79(73-86) 81(75-89) 80(75-88) 80(76-88)
Central obesity,% (95%CI) 43.2(40.8-45.6) 47.6(36.6-58.8) 38.6(31.4-46.3) 36.6 (32.7-40.6)†
Triglycerides (mmol/L) * 0.9(0.6-1.3) 0.9(0.7-1.5) 1.0(0.7-1.5)† 1.1(0.7-2.0) †‡
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) * 3.5(2.9-4.3) 3.7(3.0-4.8) 3.8(3.2-4.5)† 3.7(3.1-4.6)†
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.2(1.6-2.8) 2.3(1.7-3.1) 2.2(1.7-2.9) 2.2(1.6-2.9)
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.2±0.3 1.2±0.3 1.2±0.4 1.2±0.3
High triglycerides, % (95%CI) 12.3(10.8-14.0) 20.5(12.4-30.8) 20.1(14.4-26.8)† 31.1(27.4-35.0) †∆
High total cholesterol, % (95%CI) 8.3(7.1-9.7) 14.6(7.8-24.2) 12.1(7.6-17.9) 14.4(11.6-17.5) †
High LDL-cholesterol, % (95%CI) 12.6(11.1-14.3) 21.9(13.6-32.5) 14.5(9.6-20.6) 16.3(13.4-19.5)
Low LDL-cholesterol,% (95%CI) 38.4(36.1-40.8) 40.2(29.6-51.7) 35.3(28.2-42.9) 34.1(30.2-38.0)
Systolic BP(mmHg)* 120(110-137) 130(114-141)† 127(119-144)† 130(120-148) †
Diastolic BP(mmHg)* 80(74-90) 82(79-91) 85(80-95)† 88(80-99) †‡
Hypertension,% (95%CI) 31.3(29.1-33.5) 34.5(24.5-45.7) 46.6(39.1-54.2)† 52.3(48.3-56.4) †‡
Family history of Hypertension, % (95%CI) 10.5(9.0-11.9) 13.1(6.7-22.2) 10.8(6.6-16.3) 21.1(17.8-24.4) †‡∆
Heart rate(beats/min) 76(64-84) 75(68-84) 72(68-80)† 72(68-80) †
C-reactive protein(mg/L)* 5.5(3.7-10.5) 7.4(4.3-15.1)† 6.8(4.1-11.4)† 7.0(4.6-13.7) †
High C- reactive protein,% 23.6(21.5-25.6) 34.5(24.5-45.7) 26.2(19.8-33.4) 27.1(23.5-30.7)
Fasting insulin(µIU/mL) * 12.1(8.9-14.9) 12.5(10.3-16.1) 11.6(8.3-15.1) 11.9(8.4-15.3)
BMI: body mass index;
*: variables were described as median and quartile range;
†: Compared to non drinking group, P<0.05;
‡: Compared to drinkers with ≤25g/day, P<0.05;
Δ: Compared to drinkers with 26-50g/day, P<0.05.
Table 1: Baseline characteristics of participants and comparisons according to different alcohol drinking status.