Variable name Number (%)
Age ( year)  Means ±SD 51.3±14.7
 >50 584(58.5)
Male Means ±SD 417(41.8)
Duration of diabetes(year)  Means ±SD 7.2± 6.3
>5 471(47.2)
BMI (kg/m2)  Means ±SD 27.1± 5.8
≥ 25 (1) 636 (63.7)
Qualification
(year)
 Means ±SD 5.8 ±5.6
Illiteracy 399(40.0)
Insulin use 431(43.2)
Hypertension 319(32.0)
Proteinuria 166(16.6)
Current smoker 143(14.3)
Duration of diabetes (year)  Means ±SD 7.2± 6.3
>5 471( 47.2)
Urban dwellers 623(62.4)
Rural dwellers 375(37.6)
Outside Basrah 48(4.8)
SMBG All 310(31.1)
Patients on insulin 135(31.3)
Table 1: Basic characteristics at the end of the study.