Subsets of subjects  % glucoses <3.3 mmol/L  %glucoses <2.75 mmol/L %glucoses < 2.2 mmol/L  HbA1c
All subjects (n=153) 6.5 ± 5.7 2.5 ± 3.5 0.5 ± 1.4 8.7 ± 1.4
Low CPT-1 subset (n=30) 6.4 ± 3.9 2.2 ± 1.0 0.4 ± 0.1  8.0 ± 0.8 *
Normal CPT-1 subset (n=123) 6.5 ± 6.0 2.6 ± 3.8 0.5 ± 1.4 8.8 ± 1.4  
ACDAM mutations (n=2) 4.00 ± 2.8 0.0 0.0 9.2 ± 0.7
Free carnitine greater than 2 SD below mean  (n=3) 4.7 ± 1.2 1.7 ± 1.2 0.0 8.3 ± 2.5
Free carnitine less than 10 µmol/L (n=1) 6.2 3.0 0.0 6.3
* significantly lower than those with normal CPT-1 levels; p= 0.0003; 95% CI ( -1.22, -0.27)
Table 2: Comparisons of subsets of subjects with altered carnitine measurements.