Controls Type 2 diabetics All
Variable N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD)
N (M / F) 707 / 760   742 / 722   1449 / 1482  
Age (yrs) 1467 58.8 (10.1) 1464 64.5 (10.2) 2931 61.6 (10.5)
BMI (kg/m2) 1452 26.7 (3.7) 1450 28.6 (4.5) 2902 27.6 (4.2)
Fast. glucose (mmol/l) 1346 5.3 (0.6) 1341 9.3 (3.6) 2687 7.3 (3.2)
Fast. insulin (μU/l) 1421 5.8 (4.8) 1371 15.2 (48.2) 2792 10.4 (34.2)
HOMA-IR 1302 1.36 (1.26) 1261 5.25 (8.74) 2563 3.27 (6.50)
HOMA-β 1301 68.2 (64.1) 1261 32.1 (295.9) 2562 50.4 (213.3)
Table 3b: Characteristics of Human study populations, data extracted from the Finland and Sweden study.