Plants and Parts
Class of compound L
Bidens pilosa
RB
Asplia pluriseta
SB
Erythrinia abyssinica
RB
Catha edulis
L
Strychnos henningsii
Alkaloids + - - - +
Sterols +(trace) + (trace) - - +(trace)
Terpenoids - - - + -
Saponins + - + + +
Flavonols + + + + +
Flavones + + + + +
Chalcones + + + + +
Flavonoids + + + + +
Tannins + + + + +
Free Anthraquinones - - - + -
Bound Anthraquinones + + - + +
Key: + →Positive - →Negative + (trace) →Slightly positive L→ Leaf RB→Root bark SB→Stem bark
Table 6: Phytochemistry of the five medicinal plants.