Characteristic Case group (n=70) Control group (n=142) P value
Male n=21(28%) n= 44(33%) 0.64
BMI (kg/m²) 27.74± 5.15 28.22± 5.55 0.78
sysBP (mmHg) 129.7±2.25 122.8±1.18 0.007
diaBP (mmHg) 78.09±1.19 76.32±1.18 0.31
Duration>10 years n=50 (66.7%) n=45 (32.1%) 0.00
Insulin therapy n=35 (46.7%) n=19 (13.4%) 0.00
FBS (mg/dl) 187.28±84.24 163.3±59.14 0.08
HbA1C (%) 9.40±1.72 8.40±1.87 0.00
Cholesterol (mg/dl) 176.32± 41.79 174.79 ±39.28 0.79
LDL (mg/dl) 104.43±3.17 101.53± 2.93 0.61
HDL (mg/dl) 42.20± 8.53 41.81 ±6.25 0.61
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 161.47±10.17 171.72± 12.48 0.56
Insulin (μu/L) 11.50 ± 9.7 11.01± 5.20 0.26
Homa IR 1.82± 1.40 1.62 ± 0.76 0.00
Prolactin (ng/ml) 6.29±3.19 6.44±3.88 0.9
BMI: Body Mass Index; sysBP: Systholic Blood Pressure; diaBP: Diastholic Blood Pressure; Duration: years since diagnosis of DM
Table 2: Demographic and laboratory characteristics of the study population.