Exercise group

Diet group

 

Baseline

Follow-up

Baseline

Follow-up

P-value

CRP (mg/L)

1.7 ± 0.8

0.8 ± 0.4***

1.3 ± 0.8

0.9 ± 0.5***

0.009

IL-6 (pg/mL)

2.2 ±  0.8

0.9 ± 0.5***

1.9 ± 0.8

1.2 ± 0.7***

0.002

ICAM-1 (ng/mL)

427.8 ± 103.5

332.8 ± 77.8***

362.5 ± 85.5

333.0 ± 91.9

0.020

VCAM-1(ng/mL)

1033.2 ± 318.7

605.3 ± 198.2***

860.1 ± 305.5

715.1 ± 237.9***

0.000

Data are presented as mean ± SD. P-value was calculated for Δ of changes *** P<0.001 for within-group analysis before and after intervention
Table 2: Circulating markers of inflammation and cell adhesion at baseline and after 1 year of exercise/dietary intervention.