Diabetes group
(n=152)
Healthy controls group
(n=297)
    p
Males Skin thickness (mm) Triceps 2.12 ± 0.39 (2.12) 1.92 ± 0.31 (1.86) 0.003
Anterior abdomen 2.35 ± 0.43 (2.31) 2.36 ± 0.42 (2.32) 0.769
Anterior thigh 2.11 ± 0.37 (2.08) 1.97 ± 0.33 (1.94) 0.015
Subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness (mm) Triceps 2.81 ± 1.16 (2.48) 3.03 ± 2.77 (2.45) 0.469
Anterior abdomen 9.83 ± 6.67 (7.93) 11.68 ± 9.19(7.45) 0.605
Anterior thigh 3.97 ± 2.76 (3.16) 3.48 ± 2.35 (2.84) 0.013
Females Skin thickness (mm) Triceps 2.08 ± 0.44 (2.05) 1.85 ± 0.35 (1.86) 0.001
Anterior abdomen 2.31 ± 0.42 (2.30) 2.27 ± 0.43 (2.30) 0.610
Anterior thigh 2.12 ± 0.43 (2.08) 1.86 ± 0.44 (1.86) 0.001
Subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness (mm) Triceps 9.14 ± 7.36 (6.80) 7.44 ± 5.87 (4.53) 0.081
Anterior abdomen 20.19 ± 9.73(20.8) 16.71 ± 9.46(15.7) 0.004
Anterior thigh 10.33 ± 7.39(7.81) 9.64 ± 6.44 (7.65) 0.592
Table 7: Skin thicknesses and subcutaneous adipose tissue thicknesses of diabetic patients and healthy controls by gender.