Characteristic

Aboriginal

White

East Asian

South Asian

P-value

 

(n=951)

(n=3632)

(n=464)

(n=228)

 

Age (years) ± SD

41.5 ± 12.8‡

50.6 ± 16.2

45.5 ± 14.0‡

44.4 ± 13.1‡

<0.001

Female n (%)

716 (75.1)§

2175 (59.9)

279 (60.1)

112 (49.1)§

<0.001

Weight (kg) ± SD

84.2 ± 19.4†

78.3 ± 17.3

65.0 ± 13.1†

73.4 ± 13.6†

<0.001

BMI (kg·m-2) ± SD

30.8 ± 6.7†

27.5 ± 5.3

24.5 ± 3.7†

26.7 ± 4.5

<0.001

WC (cm) ± SD

100.9 ± 16.6†

89.7 ± 14.6

80.8 ± 10.9†

89.6 ± 11.7

<0.001

Random Blood Glucose (mmol∙L-1) ± SD

6.24 ± 2.38†

6.03 ± 1.78

6.21 ± 1.66

6.34 ± 2.27

<0.001

A1C (%) ± SD

5.5 ± 0.7

5.5 ± 0.7

5.6 ± 0.3

5.6 ± 0.7

 

A1C(mmol∙mol-1) ± SD

37 ± 8

37 ± 8

38 ± 3

38 ± 8

0.80

SBP (mmHg) ± SD

117.6 ± 16.2†

119.7 ± 17.4

114.4 ± 17.7†

116.4 ± 15.1†

<0.001

DBP (mmHg) ± SD

74.0 ± 10.9†

72.6 ± 10.4

71.1 ± 11.1†

73.7 ± 9.9

<0.001

Diabetesδ n (%)

76 (8.0)†

169 (4.7)

14 (3.0)

18 (7.9)

<0.001

Dysglycemiaε n (%)

132 (13.9)

391 (10.8)

68 (14.7)

35 (15.4)

<0.001

Physically Inactive n (%)

454 (47.7) †

1163 (32.0)

263 (56.7) †

115 (50.4) †

<0.001

Moderately Active n (%)

180 (18.9)

730 (20.1)

75 (16.2)

35 (15.4)

0.02

Physically Active n (%)

317 (33.3) †

1739 (47.9)

126 (27.2) †

78 (34.2) †

<0.001

BMI: Body Mass Index; DBP: Diastolic Blood Pressure; SBP: Systolic Blood Pressure; SD: Standard Deviation; WC: Waist Circumference; δdiabetes Diagnosis: Random Blood Glucose >11.1 mmol∙L-1 or A1C >6.9% (>52 mmol∙mol-1); εDiabetes Diagnosis: Random Blood Glucose >7.8 mmol∙L-1 or A1C >5.9% (>41 mmol∙mol-1); ‡Significantly different from White after adjusting for gender; §Significantly different from White after adjusting for age; †Significantly different from White after adjusting for age and gender
Table 1: Characteristics and health status of participants, by ethnicity.