Ordinary bottled Water Zamzam Water
Parameter Baseline Final p-value Baseline Final p-value
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl) 225 ± 15.9 214 ± 15.3 0.445 189.2 ± 13.1 176.1 ± 10.9 0.247
Hemoglobin A1c (%) 10.01 ± 0.27 9.83 ± 0.36 0.465 9.7- ± 0.37 8.96 ± 0.27 0.009
Values represent mean ± SEM
Table 3: Baseline and final levels of fasting blood glucose and hemoglobin A1c in diabetic patients receiving ordinary bottled water (control) or Zamzam water (test) for two months.