Ordinary bottled Water Zamzam Water
Parameter Baseline Final p-value Baseline Final p-value
ESR (mm/h) 12 ± 2 19 ± 4 0.04 18 ± 3 16 ± 3 0.532
Hemoglobin concentration (g/dl) 14.7 ± 0.3 15.5 ± 0.3 0.41 15.8 ± 0.3 14.4 ± 0.3 0.180
HCT (%) 43 ± 0.6 41 ± 0.5 0.000 42 ± 0.6 42 ± 0.8 0.118
RBC (mil/cmm) 6.4 ± 1 5.2 ± 0.1 0.244 5.3 ± 0.08 5.2 ± 0.08 0.078
MCV (fl) 80 ± 1.1 80 ± 1.1 0.561 80 ± 1.3 83 ± 1.3 0.005
MCH (pg) 27 ± 0.4 28 ± 0.5 0.000 27 ± 0.5 28 ± 0.5 0.463
Values represent mean ± SEM
Table 6: Baseline and final erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit (HCT), red cell count (RBCs), mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin(MCH) in diabetic patients receiving ordinary bottled water (control) or Zamzam water (test) for two months.