Characteristics Total (n = 452) Women (n = 267) Male (n = 185)
Frequency % Frequency % Frequency %
Age            
18-44 178 39.4 99 37.1 79 42.7
45-64 178 39.4 108 40.4 70 37.8
65-79 96 21.2 60 22.5 36 19.5
Education (years)            
≤8 56 12.4 34 12.8 22 11.9
9-12 167 37.0 88 33.1 79 42.7
≥12 228 50.6 144 54.1 84 45.4
Marital status            
Single 108 23.9 68 25.6 40 21.6
Married 178 39.5 97 36.4 81 43.8
Other 165 36.6 101 38.0 64 34.6
Annual family income             
<$20,000 259 57.4 154 57.9 105 56.8
$20,000-$50,000 122 27.1 70 26.3 52 28.1
>$50,000 25 5.5 13 4.9 12 6.5
Primary medical insurance*            
Public 147 32.6 97 36.5 50 27.0
Private 252 55.9 148 55.6 104 56.2
None 52 11.5 21 7.9 31 16.8
Smoking status            
Yes 271 60.1 182 68.4 89 48.1
No 179 39.7 84 31.6 95 51.4
Perceived health status            
Excellent 51 11.3 25 9.4 26 14.1
Very good 47 10.4 26 9.8 21 11.3
Good 170 37.7 104 39.1 66 35.7
Regular 162 35.9 96 36.1 66 35.7
Poor 21 4.7 15 5.6 6 3.2
BMI            
<18.5 10 2.2 9 3.4 1 0.5
18.5 - 24.9 87 19.3 47 17.7 40 21.6
25.0 - 29.9 156 34.7 90 34.0 66 35.7
≥ 30.0 197 43.8 119 44.9 78 42.2
Alcohol consumption            
Yes 140 31.0 86 32.3 54 29.2
No 311 67.0 180 67.7 131 70.8
Physical activity            
Yes 139 30.7 93 34.8 46 24.9
No 313 69.3 174 65.2 139 75.1
Waist Circumference            
Normal (women: <35",  men: <40") 228 50.4 106 39.7 122 65.9
Elevated (women: ≥ 35", men: ≥ 40") 224 49.6 161 60.3 63 34.1
Waist to Hip Ratio (cm)            
Normal (women: ≤ 0.8, men: ≤ 0.9) 117 25.9 52 19.5 65 35.1
Elevated (women: >0.8, men: >0.9) 335 74.1 215 80.5 120 64.9
Blood Pressure            
<120 / 80 199 44.2 133 50.2 66 35.7
120 - 139 / 80 - 89 151 33.6 69 26.0 82 44.3
140 - 159 / 90 - 99 74 16.4 44 16.6 30 16.2
≥ 160 / 100 26 5.8 19 7.2 7 3.8
Blood Glucose (mg/dL)            
<100 340 75.4 205 77.1 135 73.0
100 - 125 71 15.7 36 13.5 35 18.9
≥ 126 40 8.9 25 9.4 15 8.1
HbA1c            
<5.6 184 40.8 96 36.1 88 47.6
5.6 - 6.9 218 48.3 140 52.6 78 42.1
≥ 7.0 49 10.9 30 11.3 19 10.3
Total Colesterol (mmol/L)            
<5.2 303 67.2 170 63.9 133 71.9
5.2 - 6.1 101 22.4 62 23.3 39 21.1
≥ 6.2 47 10.4 34 12.8 13 7.0
HDL-C (mmol/L)            
<1.0 111 24.6 45 16.9 66 35.7
1.0 - 1.5 274 60.8 171 64.3 103 55.7
≥ 1.6 66 14.6 50 18.8 16 8.6
Triglycerides (mmol/L)            
<1.7 297 65.9 187 70.3 110 59.5
1.7 - 2.2 80 17.7 45 16.9 35 18.9
2.3 - 5.6 68 15.1 33 12.4 35 18.9
≥ 5.7 6 1.3 1 0.4 5 2.7
Albumin-creatinine ratio (mg/G)            
< 30 389 87.4 233 89.3 156 84.8
30 - 299 54 12.1 27 10.3 27 14.7
≥ 300 2 0.5 1 0.4 1 0.5
CRP (mg/L)            
<1.0 153 33.9 74 27.8 79 42.7
1.0 - 3.0 137 30.4 73 27.5 64 34.6
3.1 - 10.0 121 26.8 87 32.7 34 18.4
≥ 10.1 40 8.9 32 12.0 8 4.3
AST (U/L)            
<15.0 59 13.1 44 16.5 15 8.1
15.0 - 46.0 345 76.5 197 74.1 148 80.0
>46.0 47 10.4 25 9.4 22 11.9
ALT (U/L)            
<11.0 50 11.1 39 14.6 11 6.0
11.0 - 66.0 380 84.3 222 83.5 158 85.4
>66.0 21 4.6 5 1.9 16 8.6
*p<0.05
Table 1: Socioeconomic characteristics of participants by sex in the SJMA, Puerto Rico.