Determinants/ Predictors Odds ratio (OR) 95% Confidence interval (CI) p value
Age (years) 1.115 0.82,1.52 0.49
Gender 0.527 0.32,0.88 0.014*
Education 1.328 0.96,1.84 0.089**
Smoking 1.775 1.01,3.11 0.045*
DM prevents normal daily activities 0.851 0.70,1.03 0.095**
Ability to manage DM positively 1.124 0.75,1.68 0.566
Doctor-patient relationship 0.721 0.55,0.95 0.021*
Knowledge of DM and management 1.101 0.90,1.34 0.339
Duration of DM years 1.239 0.82,1.87 0.306
DM education program 1.036 0.59,1.83 0.903
Medications 1.909 1.04,3.50 0.037*
Body mass index 0.735 0.45,1.20 0.222
Blood pressure (mmHg) 0.981 0.48,2.00 0.959
Waist-Hip Ratio 0.568 0.19,1.72 0.317
Constant 6.616   0.3
*p<0.05, **p<0.10. OR=1, reference category
Table 3: Odds ratio of glycaemic control in multivariate logistic regression used to predict HbA1C among adults with T2DM.