C
P   
Correct Pretest Correct Posttest
Item Question % (n) % (n)
1 Eating too much sugar is a cause of diabetes 20 (6) 53.3 (16)
2 The usual cause of diabetes is lack of effective insulin in the body 73.3 (22) 100 (30)
3 Diabetes is caused by a failure of the kidneys to keep sugar out ofthe urine 86.6 (26) 100 (30)
4 Kidneys produce insulin 100 (30) 100 (30)
5 In untreated diabetes, the amount of sugar in the blood usually increases 86.6 (26) 100 (30)
6 If I am diabetic, my children have a higher chance of being diabetic 86.6 (26) 100 (30)
7 Diabetes can be cured 66.6 (20) 86.6 (26)
8 A fasting blood sugar level of 210 is too high 86.6 (26) 86.6 (26)
9 The best way to check my diabetes is to check my urine 100 (30) 100 (30)
10 Regular exercise will increase the need for insulin or other diabetic medication 73.3 (22) 86.6 (26)
11 There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2 100 (30) 100 (30)
12 An insulin reaction is caused by too much food 86.6 (26) 73.3 (22)
13 Medication is more important than diet and exercise to control my diabetes 86.6 (26) 86.6 (26)
14 Diabetes often causes poor circulation 73.3 (22) 100 (30)
15 Cuts and abrasions on diabetics heal more slowly 60 (18) 100   (30)
16 Diabetics should take extra care when cutting their toenails 86.6 (26) 100 (30)
17 A person with diabetes should cleanse a cut with iodine and alcohol 60 (18) 53.3 (16)
18 The way I prepare my food is as important as the foods I eat 86.6 (26) 100 (30)
19 Diabetes can damage my kidneys 86.6 (26) 100 (30)
20 Diabetes can cause loss of feeling in my hands, fingers, and feet 86.6 (26) 100 (30)
21 Shaking and sweating are signs of high blood sugar 86.6 (26) 80 (24)
22 Frequent urination and thirst are signs of low blood sugar  100   (30) 100 (30)
23 Tight elastic hose or socks are not bad for diabetics  100   (30) 86.6 (26)
24 A diabetic diet consists mostly of special foods 86.6 (26) 86.6 (26)
                        Total M   (SD) 18.45 (6.13)    21.00  (1.38)*
*p=0.05
Abbreviations: n: Number; M: Mean; SD: Standard Deviation; p: Probability
Table 4: Percentages of DKQ questions.