Quality of life Aspects   N Mean SD t Sig
Gender            
Mobility Male 157 1.38 .49 1.76 .00
Female 43 1.23 .43    
Family Male 157 1.54 .50 2.74 .00
Female 43 1.30 .46    
Pain/Discomfort Male 157 1.80 .40 1.68 .00
Female 43 1.67 .47    
Anxiety/Depression Male 157 1.71 .45 -1.32 .00
Female 43 1.81 .39    
Diabetes Education            
Mobility Yes 64 1.30 .46 -.98 .04
No 136 1.37 .48    
Family Yes 64 1.59 .50 1.53 .05
No 136 1.48 .50    
Leisure activities Yes 64 1.77 .43 1.19 .01
No 136 1.68 .47    
Language            
Personal care English 29 1.31 .47 -2.05 .00
Arabic 171 1.51 .50 -2.14  
Work English 29 1.73 .45 1.29 .01
Arabic 171 1.83 .38 1.16  
Table 4: Association between gender, diabetes education and home language and participants’ quality of life.