Variables Total n=1705 n (%) Gender P value
Male = 862 n(%) Female=843 n(%)
Age Group (mean ± SD) 45.6±14.2 45.5±14.0 45.6±14.4 0.913
  <30 Years 232(13.6) 113(13.1) 119(14.1) 0.330
  30-39 Years 264(15.5) 126(14.6) 138(16.4)
  40-49 Years 225(13.2) 125(14.5) 100(11.9)
  50-59 Years 390(22.9) 189(21.9) 201(23.8)
  ≥60    Years 594(34.8) 309(35.9) 285(33.8)
Ethnicity        
  Qatari 1081(63.4) 452(52.4) 629(74.6) <0.001
  Non-Qatari 624(36.6) 410(47.6) 214(25.4)
Marital status        
     Single 331(19.4) 150(17.3) 181(21.4) <0.001
     Married 1374(80.6) 712(82.7) 662(78.5)
Educational level        
     Illiterate 260(15.2) 125(14.5) 135(16.0) 0.053
     Primary 328(19.2) 175(20.3) 153(18.1)
     Intermediate 342(20.1) 179(20.8) 163(19.3)
     Secondary 471(27.6) 215(24.9) 256(30.4)
     University 304(17.8) 168(19.5) 136(16.1)
Occupation        
  Housewife 389(22.8) 0(.0) 389(46.1) <0.001
  Sedentary/Professional 460(27.0) 289(33.5) 171(20.3)
  Clerk / officer 298(17.5) 208(24.1) 90(10.7)
  Business man 174(10.2) 114(13.2) 60(7.1)
  Army/Police 138(8.1) 86(10.0) 52(6.2)
  Student 245(14.4) 165(19.1) 81(9.6)  
Household Income (QR)*        
  < $3,000 116(6.8) 58(6.7) 58(6.9) 0.838
      $3.000 – 4,999 552(32.4) 279(32.4) 273(32.4)
      $5,000 – $7,000 598(35.1) 310(36.0) 288(34.2)
  > $7,000 439(25.7) 215(24.9) 224(26.6)
Consanguinity        
     Yes 651(38.2) 351(40.7) 300(35.6) 0.029
     No 1054(61.8) 511(59.3) 543(64.4)
BMI      
  Normal (<25 Kg/m2) 530(31.0) 328(38.1) 202(24.0) <0.001
  Overweight (25-30 Kg/m2) 738(43.3) 346(40.1) 392(46.5) 0.009
  Obese (30+ Kg/m2) 437(25.70 188(21.8) 249(29.5) 0.003
Physical Activities   284(32.9) 255(30.2) 0.231
         
Cigarette Smoking 205(12) 140(16.2) 65(7.7) <0.001
Sheesha water-pipe Smoking 237(13.3) 104(11) 133(15.8) <0.001
Hours of sleep (mean ± sd) 6.5 ± 1.2 6.7 ± 1.2 6.3 ± 1.2 <0.001
Family History of DM        
  Negative 560(32.8) 285(33.1) 275(32.6) 0.846
  Mother 214(12.6) 111(12.9) 103(12.2) 0.681
  Father 234(13.7) 118(13.7) 116(13.8) 0.966
  Both Parents 194(11.4) 92(10.7) 102(12.1) 0.354
  Siblings 476(27.9) 244(28.3) 232(27.5) 0.717
  Grand Parents 27(1.5) 12(1.4) 15(1.8) 0.522
* [8]
Table 1: Cross-sectional study of socio-demographics and life-style habits of diabetes patients by gender (N=1705) *