Male(n=130) Female(n=264)
Age (yr) 57 ± 12 52 ± 11
Height (cm) 167 ± 8 155 ± 6
Weight (kg) 81 ± 16 78 ± 17
Body mass index (kg/m2) 29 ± 5 32 ± 6
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 133 ± 15 133 ± 17
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 78 ± 9 76 ± 9
Body fat percentage 28.0 ± 7.9 40.3 ± 7.6
Hemoglobin A1c (%) 8.2 ± 1.9 8.2 ± 2.1
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.4 ± 1.1 4.8 ± 1.1
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.5 ± 1.3 1.4 ± 1.1
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.9 ± 0.2 1.1 ± 0.3
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.9 ± 0.9 3.1 ± 0.9
Total cholesterol/HDL ratio 5.2 ± 1.5 4.6 ± 1.4
Serum creatinine (mmol/L) 96.7 ± 64.7 62.9 ± 21.6
Urinary albumin: creatinine ratio (mg/mmoL) 1.4 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.5
Estimated glomerular filtration rate (mL/min) 82.8 ± 37.9 102.3 ± 39.8
Table 1: The clinical and laboratory values (mean ± SD) in studied patients (n=394).