Variables Coefficient p-value Odds Ratio 95% CI for OR
Age (yr) 0.08 <0.001 1.08 1.06 – 1.11
Gender        
    Female -0.89 <0.001 0.410 0.26 – 0.66
    Male2 -   - -
Height (cm) 0.03 0.032 1.03 1.00 – 1.06
Weight (kg) -0.004 0.548 1.00 0.98 – 1.01
Body mass index (kg/m2) -0.03 0.194 0.97 0.94 – 1.01
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 0.03 <0.001 1.03 1.01 – 1.05
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 0.01 0.548 1.01 0.98 – 1.03
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) -0.03 0.771 0.97 0.78 – 1.20
Triglyceride (mmol/L) 0.03 0.787 1.03 0.84 – 1.26
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.02 0.864 1.02 0.79 – 1.32
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.20 0.640 1.23 0.53 – 2.85
HbA1c        
   ≥7 0.52 0.055 1.68 0.98 – 2.88
   <7% -   - -
Marital status   0.096    
    Single -1.61 0.156 0.20 0.02 – 1.85
   Married 0.12 0.807 1.13 0.43 – 2.93
    Divorced 0.92 0.232 2.50 0.56 – 11.25
    Widowed2 - - - -
Education        
      Illiterate 0.47 0.301 1.60 0.77 – 4.44
      Primary school -0.01 0.988 0.99 0.44 – 3.14
      Secondary school -0.23 0.959 0.97 0.41 – 2.98
      University2 - - - -
Occupation        
     Unemployed 1.88 0.001 6.53 2.24 – 19.10
      Retired 1.80 <0.001 6.07 2.29 – 16.10
     Housewife 0.88 0.056 2.42 0.98 – 5.97
     Employed2 - - - -
Smoking        
   Yes 0.54 0.233 1.71 0.723 – 4.04
   No2 -   - -
Duration of smoking (yr) 0.04 0.197 1.04 0.98 – 1.11
Duration of diabetes (yr) 0.11 <0.001 1.12 1.08 – 1.16
Family history of diabetes        
    Present -0.44 0.064 0.64 0.40 – 1.03
    Absent2 -   - -
Regularly visiting diabetes center        
    Yes -1.31 0.008 0.27 0.10 – 0.71
    No2 -   - -
Mode of diabetes diagnosis        
      Incidental 0.04 0.932 1.04 0.42 – 2.60
      Screening -0.01 0.969 0.99 0.53 – 1.83
      Symptomatic2 - - - -
Treatment of diabetes        
     Oral hypoglycaemic agents -0.59 0.057 0.61 0.36 – 1.01
     Insulin        
Physical activity        
    Inactive 1.02 <0.001 2.76 1.73 – 4.42
    Active 2 -   - -
Body fat composition        
   Normal 0.59 0.018 1.80 1.11 – 2.93
   Abnormal 2 -   - -
Dyslipidemia        
    Controlled -0.06 0.861 0.94 0.48 – 1.86
    Uncontrolled2 -   - -
Estimated glomerular filtration rate        
    <60 1.14 <0.001 3.13 1.73 – 5.65
    ≥ 602 -   - -
         
Albuminuria        
    Yes 1.14 <0.001 3.13 1.73 – 5.65
     No2 -   - -
Retinopathy        
  Yes 0.98 0.003 2.65 1.41 – 5.00
   No2 -   - -
1 Caseness represented by MNSI-sign score ≥3
2 Reference category (ref.)
OR: Odds Ratio; CI: Confidence Interval
Table 5: Simple logistic regression of MNSI-sign score vs. selected predictors.