Lean Obese T2D
Age, years W/H 37 ± 4 42 ± 2 53 ± 2*
B 35 ± 10 39 ± 3 43 ± 5
p ns ns ns
BMI, kg/m2 W/H 21.1 ± 0.8* 33.5 ± 1.1 34.4 ± 1.7
B 24.2 ± 0.7* 37.5 ± 2.5 38.8 ± 2.3
p ns ns ns
HbA1c, % W/H 5.36 ± 0.11 5.43 ± 0.05 7.98 ± 1.27*
B 5.65 ± 0.15 5.50 ± 0.12 7.53 ± 0.73*
p ns ns ns
Leptin, ng/ml W/H 9 ± 2* 43 ± 4 30 ± 5
B 16 ± 4 73 ± 15 26 ± 5
p ns p<0.05 ns
Adiponectin, ng/ml W/H 14 ± 2* 9 ± 1 9 ± 2
B 9 ± 1 7 ± 1 8 ± 2
p ns ns ns
Cholesterol, mg/dL W/H 153 ± 9 177 ± 6 193 ± 7
B 177 ± 22 174 ± 7 140 ± 9
p ns ns p<0.05
LDL, mg/dL W/H 86 ± 6 108 ± 5 116 ± 8
B 111 ± 19 102 ± 9 82 ± 8
p ns ns p<0.05
HDL, mg/dL W/H 54 ± 3 44 ± 2 45 ± 7
B 51 ± 0 48 ± 7 40 ± 3
p ns ns ns
Data shown as mean ± SE; * p<0.05 in Hispanic/White or in in Blacks; p- statistical significance between Hispanic/Whites and Blacks HbA1c: Hemoglobin A1c; LDL: Low Density Cholesterol; HDL: High Density Cholesterol; pTG: Pancreatic Triglyceride; AIRg: Glucose Stimulated Insulin Response; DI: Disposition Index; SI: Insulin Sensitivity
Table 1a: Metabolic characteristics of study subjects.