Normotensive  (n=657) GH (n=30) PE (n=46) P
Maternal characteristics
Maternal Age (years) 32.9 (32.5-33.3) 31.9 (29.5-34.2) 31.44 (29.58-33.29) 0.24
Nulliparous n (%) 204 (31.3) [652] 13 (43.3) 20 (43.5) 0.10
Metformin Treatment n (%) 330 (50.2) 20 (43.5) 13 (43.3) 0.53
Caucasian n (%) 319 (48.6) 20 (66.7) 18 (39.1) 0.03
Indian n (%) 89 (13.5) 3 (10.0) 4 (8.7)
Polynesian n (%) 134 (20.4) 6 (20.0) 19 (41.3)
Asian n (%) 86 (13.1) 1 (3.3) 4 (8.7)
Other n (%) 29 (4.4) 0 1 (2.2)
Tertiary education n (%) 292 (44.9) 14 (46.7) 17 (37.0) 0.56
Smoking in pregnancy n (%) 106 (16.1) 6 (20.0) 9 (19.6) 0.73
Gestational age at enrolment (weeks) 30.1 (29.8-30.3) 30.5 (29.5-31.5) 30.40 (29.62-31.18) 0.93
BMI at enrolment (kg/m2) 34.60 (34.02-35.18) [656] 36.83 (33.89-39.77) 36.24 (34.02-38.46) 0.14
Maternal weight change from early pregnancy to enrolment 6.50 (6.05-6.95) [533] 9.45 (6.53-12.37) [29] 9.44 (6.53-12.37) [29] 0.15
Systolic BP (mmHg) 112.0 (111.0-113.0) [641] 122.3 (117.9-126.8) 124.9 (121.0-128.7) <0.001
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 67.6 (66.9-68.3) 73.9 (70.3-77.4) 77.0 (74.4-79.7) <0.001
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 5.20 (5.12-5.28) [558] 5.40 (4.85-5.96) [25] 5.76 (1.61) [35] 0.20 
HbA1c (%) 5.73 (5.67-5.78) [598] 5.86 (5.54-6.18) [27] 6.14 (0.94) [39] 0.01
Fasting triglycerides (mmol/L) 2.55 (2.47-2.62) [550] 2.92 (2.26-3.58) [21] 2.93 (2.57-3.29) [37] 0.05
Fasting cholesterol  (mmol/L) 6.07 (5.91-6.24) [342] 5.80 (4.94-6.66) [16] 5.82 (5.22-6.42) [22] 0.34
Fasting HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.72 (1.67-1.76) [350] 1.66 (1.49-1.83) [16] 1.53 (1.38-1.68) [22] 0.18
Fasting  LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.21 (3.06-3.36) [342] 2.77 (1.93-3.61) [14] 2.87 (2.38-3.36) [22] 0.16
Infant characteristics
Gestational age at delivery (days) 269.3 (268.6-270.0) 270.0 (267.0-273.1) 261.6 (258.4-264.8) <0.001
Female gender n (%) 322 (49.0) 13 (43.3) 20 (43.5) 0.65
Birth weight centile (%) 54.10 (51.76-56.44) 49.25 (39.15-59.35) 52.44 (42.14-62.74) 0.66
<10th centile n (%) 68 (10.4) 2 (6.7) 8 (17.4) 0.25
APGAR 1 min ** 9 9 9 0.28
APGAR 5 min ** 9 10 10 0.23
Cord glucose (mmol/L) 4.73 (4.59-4.88) [417] 4.33 (3.83-4.83) [19] 4.23 (3.69-4.77) [15] 0.24
Cord triglycerides (mmol/L) 0.41 (0.39-0.43) [419] 0.45 (0.35-0.56) [19] 0.52 (0.36-0.68) [15] 0.16
Supplementary Table 1: Comparison of demographic and pregnancy variables at enrolment between women with normotension, gestational hypertension or preeclampsia diagnosis. [ n], Data is mean and 95% CI and n= 657 for normotensive, 30 for GH and 46 for PE except where indicated ** median